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NSG 117 EXAM 5 INFLAMMATION
Terms in this set (21)
normal and expected physiological response to cellular injury
Signs and Symptoms of Inflammation (local manifestations)
Signs and Symptoms of Inflammation (systemic manifestations)
increase in plasma proteins
it can lead to death if left untreated
What is RICE?
interventions to decrease inflammation
What does RICE stand for?
Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation
When is RICE most beneficial?
the first 24-48 hours
icing the sprain or strain for 20 minutes at a time every 2 or 3 hours is indicated,
leaving the ice in place for a longer period of time may cause additional tissue damage
the compression wrap must be snug but not so tight as to impede circulation
whenever possible, elevation of the injured area above the level of the heart is useful in helping to minimize swelling
NSAIDS (Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug)
they have an anti-inflammatory process. (help decrease inflammation)
What do Steroids do?
help decrease inflammation
What is commonly use to decrease inflammation?
NSAIDS and anti-inflammatory agents, like corticosteriods
How can you manage bronchitis?
Use a cough suppressant
Tell the pt to get rest for any infection & inflammation
DRINK PLENTY OF FLUIDS
What is bronchitis?
inflammation of the bronchial tubes and may begin as an acute irritation and progress to chronic infection. (Bronchitis is commonly seen after introduction of a cold virus or other respiratory infection.)
What are vascular changes with inflammation? (1)
Acute inflammation is an immediate response to cellular injury. Rapid vasodilation occurs, allowing more blood near the location of the injury. The increase in local blood flow causes the redness and localized warmth at the site of inflammation.
What are vascular changes with inflammation? (2)
Injury causes tissue damage and possibly necrosis. As a result, the body releases chemical mediators that increase the permeability of small blood vessels; and fluid, protein, and cells enter interstitial spaces. The accumulation of fluid appears as localized swelling (edema). Another sign of inflammation is pain, which is caused by the swelling of inflamed tissues that increases pressure on nerve endings.
What are vascular changes with inflammation? (3)
The cellular response of inflammation involves WBCs arriving at the site. WBCs pass through blood vessels and into the tissues. Phagocytosis is a process that involves the destruction and absorption of bacteria. (This is why we see an elevated WBC count in the blood.)
What are vascular changes with inflammation? (4)
In the adult a serum WBC count is normally 5,000 to 10,000/mm3 but typically rises to 15,000 to 20,000/mm3 and higher during inflammation. Fever is caused by phagocytic release of pyrogens from bacterial cells, which causes a rise in the hypothalamic set point.
What are some steroid use related to inflammation?
typically used for inflammatory process
What are some steroid drugs used related to inflammation?
Glucocorticoids (e.g., prednisone)
suppress the immune system and thus suppress an inflammatory response.
they are particularity effective in reducing the swelling and pain that accompany inflammation
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