Poetry Glossary (definitions don't have the term name in them)
Terms in this set (42)
rhymes only when spelled, not when pronounced (ex: rough and through)
most common type, the rhyming of the final syllables of a line
Nonmetrical, nonrhyming lines that closely follow the natural rhythms of speech.
Originally a composition meant for musical accompaniment. The term refers to a short poem in which the poet, the poets persona, or another speaker expresses personal feelings.
A pair of successive rhyming lines, usually the same length
A poetic unit of three lines, rhymed or unrhymed
The repetition of syllables typically at the end of a verse line.
A grouping of lines separated from the other in a poem. Can be used to mark a shift in mood, time, or thought in modern free verse.
a deliberate understatement for effect: the opposite of hyperbole.
a central or recurring image or action in a literary work that is shared by other works and may serve an overall theme.
An eight line stanza or poem. The first eight lines of an Italian or Petrarchan sonnet is also called this
A long narrative poem in which a heroic protagonist engages in an action of great mythic or historical significance
harsh or discordant word sounds; the opposite of euphony
a resemblance in sound between two words, or an initial rhyme
Unrhyming iambic pentameter, also called heroic verse. This 10-syllable line is the predominant rhythm of traditional English dramatic and epic poetry, as it is considered the closest to English speech patterns.
Verse that emphasizes nonlinguistic elements in its meaning, such as a typeface that creates a visual image of the topic.
The rhythmical pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a verse.
A French verse form consisting of five three-line stanzas and a final quatrain, with the first and third lines of the first stanza repeating alternately in the following stanzas. These two refrain lines form the final couplet in the quatrain.
A brief,intentional reference to a historical,mythic,or literary person,place,event,or movement.
The running-over of a sentence or phrase from one poetic line to the next, without terminal punctuation; opposite of end-stopped
As a mass noun, poetry in general; as a regular noun, a line of poetry. Typically used to refer to poetry that possesses more formal qualities
applies to the rhyming of one or more unstressed syllables, such as "dicing" and "enticing."
a formal often ceremonious lyric poem that addresses and often celebrates a person, place, thing, or idea. stanza forms vary.
describes those rhymes ending in a stressed syllable, such as "hells" and "bells"
employs the same word, identically in sound and sense, twice in rhyming positions.
A 14-line poem with a variable rhyme scheme originating in Italy and brought to England by Sir Thomas Wyatt and Henry Howard. Literally a 'little song,' the sonnet traditionally reflects upon a single sentiment, with a clarification or 'turn' of thought in its last lines.
the patterning of rhythm in natural speech, or in poetry without distinct meter (i.e free verse)
The repetition of initial stressed,consonant sounds in a series of words within a phrase or verse line.
A disruption of harmonic sounds or rhythms.
An audible pattern in verse established by the intervals between stressed syllables.
The repetition of vowel sounds without repeating consonants; sometimes called vowel rhyme.
a stop or pause in a metrical line, often marked by punctuation or by a grammatical boundary.
rhyme within a single line of verse; when a word from the middle of a line is rhymed with a word at the end of the line
An address to a dead or absent person or personification as if he or she were present.
A six-line stanza, or the final six lines of a 14-line Italian or Petrarchan sonnet.
A popular narrative song passed down orally.
A phrase or line repeated at intervals within a poem, especially at the end of a stanza.
a four-line stanza, rhyming
ABAC or ABCB (known as unbounded or ballad)
AABB (a double couplet)
ABAB (known as interlaced, alternate, or heroic)
ABBA (known as envelope or enclosed)
A metrical foot consisting of an unaccented syllable followed by an accented syllable. The words "unite" and "provide" are both iambic. It is the most common meter of poetry in English.
The basic unit of measurement of accentual-syllabic.
An extended metaphor in which the characters, places, and objects in a narrative carry figurative meaning.
A poem written to describe or comment on a particular event and often written for a public reading