Cell Biology and Cancer Vocabulary
Terms in this set (36)
Cancer that begins in cells that line certain internal organs.
Type of cancer that begins in the lining of blood vessels
Small, round cell found in the lower part, or base, of the epidermis, the outer layer of the skin
basal cell carcinoma
Type of skin cancer that arises from the basal cells
Not cancerous; does not invade nearby tissue or spread to other parts of the body
Removal of a sample of tissue, which is then examined under a microscope to check for cancer cells.
bone marrow biopsy
Removal of a sample of tissue from the bone marrow with a large needle
Cancer that begins in the lining or covering of an organ.
Procedure that uses a flexible fiberoptic endoscope to examine the internal surface of the colon along its entire length
Abnormal cells that are not cancer
Confined to a specific area; an encapsulated tumor remains in a compact form
removes the entire lesion
fine needle aspiration
type of biopsy, also called a cytology test, uses a very thin needle, does not cut through the skin, but sometimes does not remove enough tissue for a definite diagnosis
Inherited; having to do with information that is passed from parents to children through DNA in the genes
System for classifying cancer cells in terms of how malignant or aggressive they appear microscopically. The grading of a tumor indicates how quickly cancer cells are likely to spread and plays a role in treatment decisions
human papilloma viruses
Sexually transmitted virus that causes genital warts and abnormal changes in the cells of the cervix; increasing the risk for cervical cancer
is a network of cells, tissues, and organs that work together to defend the body against attacks by "oreign" invaders; system in the human body that can recognize foreign cells like cancer cells
surgical removal of the breast, treatment for breast cancer
Skin pigment (substance that gives the skin its color). Dark-skinned pcople have more melanin than light-skinned people
Cancer of the cells that produce pigment in the skin. Melanoma usually begins in a mole and is linked to prolonged unprotected exposure to the sun.
is one which has spread from the primary site of origin (where it started) into different area(s) of the body
the number of deaths in a given area or period, or from a particular cause
Area on the skin (usually dark in color) that contains a cluster of melanocytes.
Mass of tissue that projects into the colon.
a medical practitioner qualified to diagnose and treat tumors and cancer patients
a scientist who studies the causes and effects of diseases, especially one who examines laboratory samples of body tissue for diagnostic or forensic purposes.
Treatment with high-energy rays (such as X-rays) to kill cancer cells. The radiation may come from outside the body (external radiation) or from radioactive materials placed directly in the tumor (implant radiation). Also called radiotherapy
Extent of a cancer, espe cially whether the disease has spread from the original site to other parts of the body
Doing exams and tests to learn the extent of the cancer, especially wh ether it has spread from its original site to other parts of the body
Cells from which all blood cells develop.
% or odds that you will survive
Abnormal mass of tissue that results from excessive cell division. Tumors perform no useful body function. They may be cither benign (not cancerous) or malignant (cancerous)
genes inhibit cell division in the normal cellular process.
imaging that uses high frequency sound waves to produce a moving image on the screen
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