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World War II in the Pacific
Terms in this set (23)
Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR)
President of the United States during World War II (until his death his death
The South Pacific
Region on the world where the United States and Japan fought World War II.
American naval base attack by Japanese naval and air forces on December 7, 1941
"Yesterday, December 7, 1941—a date which will live in infamy—the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan"
American President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's famous statement about the attack on Pearl Harbor.
Roosevelt made this famous statement when requesting a Declaration of War from Congress on December 8, 1941.
Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto
Japanese military who planned the attack on Pearl Harbor
General Hideki Tôjô
Leader of the Japanese Military Dictatorship / Prime Minister of Japan during World War II
Mitsubishi A6M "Zero"
The most famous Japanese aircraft from World War II.
The Battle of Midway
This 1942 battle changed the momentum of World War II on the Pacific Front.
The United States defeated Japan and sunk 4 Japanese aircraft carriers.
Native-American servicemen who relayed information to one another using Native-American languages including Navajo, Comanche, Choctaw, & Hopi.
The goal of this US military mission was to kill Japanese Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto.
American P-38 Lightnings shot down Yamaoto's plane on April 18, 1943
Albert Einstein & Leo Szilárd
These famous scientists urged President Roosevelt to begin building the atomic bomb in 1939.
These famous scientists both worried the Nazis would develop an atomic bomb before the allies.
This letter, co-authored by one of the most famous scientists of all time, warned American President Franklin Delano Roosevelt of Nazi Germany's developing of atomic weapons.
This letter was delivered to Roosevelt on August 2, 1939 and was what caused Roosevelt to begin the developing American atomic weapons.
The Manhattan Project
The code name for the United States' development of atomic weapons.
Dr. Robert Oppenheimer
This American scientist oversaw the Manhattan Project.
Los Alamos National Laboratory
This laboratory in New Mexico is the most famous site associated with the Manhattan Project
April 12, 1945
American President Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR) died on a stroke on this date.
Vice President Harry S. Truman assumed the presidency on this same day.
When the United States bombed Tokyo, Japan's capital city, from March - June of 1945.
Between 80,000-130,000 Japanese civilians died during the night of May 9, 1945 in the worst firestorm in recorded history.
The United States justified bombing Japan's capital city and killing thousands of civilians by stating they would stop the bombings if Japan agreed to an unconditional surrender.
This document was co-author by the United States and Great Britain at the Potsdam Conference from July 17, 1945 - August 2, 1945.
This document stated, "We call upon the government of Japan to proclaim now the unconditional surrender of all Japanese armed forces...the alternative for Japan is prompt & utter destruction".
The United States dropped the first of 2 atomic bombs on this Japanese city on August 6, 1945.
The United States dropped the second of 2 atomic bombs on this Japanese city on August 9, 1945.
The code name for the Uranium-based atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima, Japan on August 6, 1945
The code name for the Plutonium-based atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki, Japan on 9, 1945
The Tokyo Trials
Japanese soldiers and politicians were tried for war crimes during the trial which last from 1946-148.
The Tokyo Trials punishing Japanese war criminals are similar to the Nuremberg Trials punishing Nazi war criminals.
The most famous person to stand trial was Hideki Tōjō, former Japanese Prime Minister and leader of the Japanese military. Tōjō was found guilty of committing war crimes and was executed by hanging on December 23, 1948.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
World War II
World War 2 & Cold War
World History Key Terms
World War 2 & Cold War
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