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24 terms

EDUC 2120 Chapter 3 Vocabulary

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Family
any two or more related people living in one household.
Nuclear Family
a family consisting of a husband and wife and their children.
Family of Orientation
the family into which one is born
Family of Procreation
the family that develops when one marries and has children.
Extended Family
relatives of the nuclear family who are economically and emotionally dependent on each other.
Matriarchal Family
family in which the mother has formal authority and dominance.
Patriarchal Family
family in which the father has formal authority and dominance
Egalitarian Family
family in which both sides of the extended family are regarded as equal.
Binuclear Family
family pattern in which children are part of two homes and two family groups.
Marriage
a legal contract with certain rights and obligations.
Socioeconomic Status
rank or position within a society based on social and economic factors.
Ascribed Status
social class, rank or position determined by family lineage, gender, birth order, or skin color.
Achieved Status
social class, rank or position, determined by education, occupation, income, and/or place of residence.
Traditional Society
a society that relies on customs handed down from past generations as ways to behave.
Modern Society
a society that looks to the present for ways to behave and is thus responsive to change.
Gemeinschaft
communal, cooperative, close, intimate, and informal interpersonal relationship.
Gesellschaft
associative, practical, objective, and formal interpersonal relationships.
Collectivism
emphasis on interdependent relations, social responsibilities and the well being of the group
Individualism
emphasis on individual fulfillment and choice.
Norms
rules, patterns, or standards that express cultural values and reflect how individuals are supposed to behave.
Religion
a unified system of beliefs and practices relative to sacred things.
Protestant Ethic
belief in individualism, thrift, self-sacrifice, efficiency, personal responsibility, and productivity.
Stress
any demand that exceeds a person's ability to cope.
Empowerment
enabling individuals to have control over resources affecting them.