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Bio 102 Test 3
Terms in this set (19)
Animals that excrete uric acid avoid the problem of water loss associated
with excretion of urea.
Use gills to actively take up salt ions.
Fluid flows through the glomerulus to the Bowman's capsule then to the
proximal tubule, loop of henle, and then to the distal tubule.
The functional unit of the kidneys.
Process that refines, filtrates and returns water and valuable solutes to the
The first step of urine formation
The filtrate that enters the Bowman's capsule.
Excretion of ammonia conserves energy (fish). Most toxic by product of metabolism.
Combines ammonia and carbon dioxide from urea.
Removes waste from the blood plasma through the process of diffusion.
Where urine leaves the bladder.
Consists of a harmless variant strain of the disease. AIDS cannot be prevented by vaccination.
Excess of T3 and T4 in the blood.
Can cause cancer. Genital warts is a symptom.
When bacterial infections spread throughout the body.
Mutates to produce new drug resistant strains.
Released by neurosecretory cells (participate in both the endocrine and nervous system) extending from the hypothalamus.
Controls the concentration of sugar in the blood. Insulin (regulates blood glucose levels) and glucagon.
Chemical produced to regulate a variety of body functions, such as metabolism.
Has other endocrine glands as its targets.
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