UNIT 19 - FOOT
Terms in this set (33)
also called the heel bone, is a large bone that forms the foundation of the rear part of the foot.
the bone that makes up the lower part of the ankle joint (the tibia and fibula bones of the lower leg make up the upper part of the ankle joint).
-sits above the heal bone
an extra bone or piece of cartilage located on the inner side of the foot just above the arch.
located on the lateral (outer) side of the foot. This bone is cube-shaped and connects the foot and the ankle. It also provides stability to the foot.
- It is situated at the medial side of the foot, anterior to the navicular bone and posterior to the base of the first metatarsal.
-shaped like a wedge, the thin end pointing downwards.
-situated between the other two cuneiform bones (the medial and lateral cuneiforms), and articulates with the navicular posteriorly, the second metatarsal anteriorly
-occupies the center of the front row of the tarsal bones, between the intermediate cuneiform medially, the cuboid laterally, the navicular posteriorly and the third metatarsal in front.
a group of five long bones in the foot, located between the tarsal bones of the hind- and mid-foot and the phalanges of the toes.
the largest bones in the toe. They form the base of the toe and are a separate bone from the middle phalanges (the center bones in the toes) and the distal phalanges (the bones at the tip of the toes).
some of the smaller long bones that form the toes of the feet. They are positioned between the distal phalanges (which are the tips of the toes) and the proximal phalanges (which are the ones that are nearest to the foot itself).
-not on big toe
located at the end of each toe. They come at the end, right below the toenail.
the rounded superior articular surface of the talus that articulates with the distal ends of the tibia and fibula.
-a horizontal shelf that arises from the anteromedial portion of the calcaneus. The superior surface is concave and articulates with the middle calcaneal surface of the talus.
-attachment of plantar fascia
-a transverse elevation on the plantar surface of the calcaneus
-a rough eminence on the lateral side of its base
-one articulation - distal end of the tibia and talus
-second articulation - lateral malleolus of the fibula meets the talus
inferior surface of the talus and the superior surface of the calcaneus
-lateral - calcaneocuboid articulation
-medial - talonavicular articulation
non-axial joints between tarsal and metatarsals
condyloid joints between the metatarsal and toes
joints between the phalanges
medial ligaments of the ankle
a strong, flat, triangular band, attached, above, to the apex and anterior and posterior borders of the medial malleolus.
a thick, broad fibrous band that is located on the bottom portion of the foot.
lateral ligaments of the ankle
-anterior talofibular ligament (ATF)
-calcaneofibular ligament (CF)
-posterior talofibular ligament (PTF)
anterior talofibular ligament
A ligament of the ankle that passes from the anterior margin of the lateral (fibular) malleolus, anteriorly and medially, to the talus bone, in front of its lateral articular facet.
a narrow, rounded cord, running from the tip of the lateral malleolus of the fibula downward and slightly backward to a tubercle on the lateral surface of the calcaneus.
posterior talofibular ligament
runs almost horizontally from the malleolar fossa of the lateral malleolus of the fibula to a prominent tubercle on the posterior surface of the talus immediately lateral to the groove for the tendon of the flexor hallucis longus.
medial longitudinal arch
consists of the proximal calcaneus and distal first 3 metatarsals
lateral longitudinal arch
consists of the calcaneus, cuboid and 4th and 5th metatarsals
formed by the distal calcaneus, navicular, cuboid and proximal 5 metatarsals running from medial to lateral
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Appendicular Skeleton - Part 2 | Anatomy and Physiology Guide
Foot, leg, thigh, hip: Anatomy
Lesson 11 Toes, Foot, Calcaneus, Ankle
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
UWL PSY 212 - Unit 3 Review, UWL PSY 212 Unit 2 Review, UWL PSY 212 - Unit 4 Review6, UWL PSY 212 Chapters 1-4 (not complete)
UWL PSY 212 - Unit 3 Review
UWL PSY 212 - Unit 4 Review6
231 exam 3
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
UNIT 18 - KNEE
Unit 11: Upper Extremity - Muscles that move the shoulder girdle
Unit 12: Upper Extremity - Muscles that move the shoulder joint
Unit 13: Upper Extremity - Muscles that move the elbow and radioulnar joint