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Presentations Day 2 (Diabetes, Anxiety and Depression, Heart Disease)
Terms in this set (19)
Can you compare what is known about the causes of Type 1 versus Type 2 diabetes?
Individuals are insulin dependent
Commonly called "juvenile diabetes"
Individuals may or may not be insulin dependent
Commonly called "adult onset diabetes"
What are the conventional treatment methods for Type 1 diabetes?
Insulin pumps, syringes, inhalers
What are the conventional treatment methods for Type 2 diabetes?
Prescription medications that stimulate insulin release and lower blood glucose
What is one plant that is useful for someone with Type 2 diabetes?
With proper lifestyle changes, can Type 2 diabetic eventually go off their Type 2 diabetes medications?
Diet and exercise are important
Weight loss can help patients regain glycemic control
What surgery was promoted as a way to reverse Type 2 diabetes?
What are dietary strategies and lifestyle measures that can potentially prevent Type 2 diabetes?
eat healthy and exercise?
What is the most common mental illness in the US?
How are depression, anxiety and PTSD different from each other?
PTSD: stress/depression after traumatic event
Why are SSRIs and SNRIs more likely to be used than the other two discussed conventional medications for depression?
Block reabsorption of the neurotransmitters serotonin and norepinenphrine
What are some plants that may be useful for someone with anxiety or mild-to-moderate depression?
Severe depression requires what types of treatments?
cranial electrotherapy stimulation
deep brain stimulation
"(We focused more on mild-to-moderate depression during our talk but I think I remember Dr. Hollister saying that severe depression requires medical treatment and psychological care)"
What are several lifestyle factors (dietary, exercise and CAM) to consider in treating and/or preventing mild-to-moderate depression?
Exercise (cardiovascular, yoga, meditation)
Self-care (making sure personal needs are met)
Dietary (eat whole foods, avoid processed foods, drink lots of water)
Where does suicide rank as a cause of death of US adults?
What are the primary types of heart disease? Which of these is the most problematic in the US?
Where does heart disease rank as a global cause of death for adults?
What is one plant that may be useful for someone with certain forms of heart disease?
What are several dietary and lifestyle measures that should be considered to prevent and or used in the treatment of heart disease?
High fiber diet: whole grains, fruits, vegetables, beans, nuts, seeds (lowers cholesterol levels)
Increase water-soluble fiber protects against heart disease. Studies have shown that the 4 water-soluble fiber types effectively lower LDL cholesterol concentration, without affecting HDL cholesterol: B-glucan, Psyllium, Pectin, Guar gum
Exercise Prescription: Aerobic, Strength
Lose weight if necessary
Quit smoking if necessary
Increase physical activity
Why is stress management so vital when heart disease is considered?
stress will increase BP and inflammation ??
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