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SLU DE History 102 Exam 2
Terms in this set (50)
The Thirty Years War
witnessed the devastation of much of Germany and a loss of a population.
Cardinal Richelieu indentified three serious problems facings the French monarchy. Which of the following is one of those problems?
The need to deprive the Huguenots of the right to have an army of their own to defend their religion.
The Edict of Nantes did all of the following except
Expelled the Huguenots from France
As Louis XIII's chief minister, Cardinal Richelieu was most successful in
Reconsolidating absolutism under Louis XIII
In France, the politiques were
those who placed politics ahead of religion in attempt to end the wars of religion.
The event that sparked the Thirty Years' Was was
A rebellion of Bohemian nobles against the Ferdinand II Habsburg
The importation of silver from the New World to Spain resulted in
The Scientific Revolution of the seventeenth century
although an innovative phase in western thinking, was based upon the intellectual and scientific accomplishments of previous centuries.
During the eighteenth century, the idea of Divine Right
was gradually replaced by the idea of "enlightened absolutism" justified by utilitarian arguments.
A continuing trend throughout eighteenth century Prussia was
The social and military dominance of the Junker Nobility.
European diplomacy during the eighteenth century was predicated on the idea that
in a balance of power, one state should not achieve dominance over another.
All of the following were part of the traditional medieval worldview prior to the First Scientific Revolution except
the heliocentric theory
Early if the First Scientific Revolution, new scientific discoveries were
received more readily in Protestant states.
The thinker who first formulated the laws of planetary motoion was
Sir Issac Newton
invented calculus as a way to express mathematically his discoveries in optics
The War of the Austrian Succession
was fought between Austria and Prussia, with Prussia gaining Silesia
In the 18th century, European diplomacy was characterized by
Balance of Power
All of the following are true of the Great Powers except
Cardinal Fleury and Robert Walpole goaded each other into a Anglo-French War.
Spanish interference with British shipping on the Atlantic led to
the War of Jenkin's Ear
Cardinal Richelieu's foreign policy
led to a disastrous increase in French government debt
Ultimate authority rests solely in the hands of a king who rules by divine right.
The series of noble revolts known as the Fronde resulted in
French citizens looking to the monarchy for stability.
The economic policies of Jean Baptiste Colbert, Louis XIV's controller general finances,
were based on the economic theory of mercantilism that stressed government regulation of economic affairs to benefit the state.
The chief reason for the wars of Louis XIV was
his desire to ensure the dominance of France and his Bourbon dynasty in all of Europe
The War of the Spanish Succession was effectively concluded with the Peace of Utrecht in 1713 which
greatly benefited England, by then a strong naval power.
Catherine the Great did all of the following except
permanently turned over power to the Russian Duma
Joseph II did all of the following except
Banished Jews and Jesuits
Catherine the Great of Russies
Followed a successful policy of expansion against the Turks
The Diplomatic Revolution
Happened when Maria Theresa gained an alliance between Habsburg Austria and Bourbon France
Which of the following statements concerning the Seven Years' War is correct?
With the defeat of the French navy and the Treaty of Paris, Britain became the world's greatest colonial power.
The American Revolution
Was aided on the colonial side by France.
The dismemberment of Poland in the late eighteenth century
showed the necessity of a strong centralized monarchy to defend a state in the period.
Under Louis XIV, the army
became a standing, permanent force under royal control.
Colbert's financial policies did not imporve French
Peasant's standard of living
Labeled as "one of the most enlightened monarchs of his age" and among the most successful in wresting power awat from the nobility was
Joseph II of Austria
The main threat to the Netherlands in the late 17th century was
At the time of Louis XIV's death he had
left the french government nearly bankrupt
Awarded Protestants religious rights in France
Treaty of Nantes
Charles II of England promised Louis XIV that he would convert to catholicism and restore religious freedom in England
Treaty of Dover
Enlightenment thinkers admired the psuchology of John Locke, who argued that
the human mind was blank at birth
Jean Jacques Rousseau's Social Contract
said that the will of the people should come before the divine right
_____________ defined the Enlightenment as "having the courage to know"
First important modern philosopher
Believed that violation fo the Social Contract was justification for revolution
The Australian Empire under Joseph II
witnessed general discontent due to Joseph's enlightened but radical reforms
Under the reign of Frederick Williams I, Prussia
became a highly centralized European state
The king did not like it when court members discussed
Louis has an appartement three times a week where the court
played billiards and cards
The torture of cats was common occurrence and people did not openely accept them because they
In the end, the massacre of the cats was a way for the workers to
insult their master without consequences
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SLU DE History 102 Exam 3
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