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SLU DE History 202 Exam 3
Terms in this set (50)
Immediately after WWII describe Europe.
Europe was "in rubble". A policy of containment is born out of the cold war. Containment and Cold War are the realities in Europe during this time. Also the whole "iron curtain" thing
Which countries (2) does the Truman Doctrine first apply to?
Greece and Turkey
What was the goal of the Marshall Plan? (European Recovery Act)
To provide economic support to help rebuild European countries after World War II (in order to prevent the spread of communism)
What does the National Security Act of 1947 do?
dramatically reorganizes the US military. Establishes the department of defense (consolidates the department of war and of navy into one spot under the same department) creates national security council (an advisory board under the president that will set policy and strategy in relation to intelligence, gathering, and subsequent military strategy that needed to be carried out). Also creates the CIA
In the 45 year period after WWII describe what happened.
What did George Kennan say in his famous "Long Telegram"?
Kennan was known as "the father of containment". He was an ambassador to the Soviet Union.... his article stated that the Soviet Union needed "firm containment". He said that communism was encroachment on the peaceful institutions of a stable world--said this was the natural element of communism.
In 1947 Truman appropriated $400 million for what purpose? (question 2)
The Truman doctrine... providing assistance to countries wishing to avoid falling into the Soviet "sphere"
The main purpose of Truman Doctrine
To prevent the spread of communism/soviet domination. It laid out a plan to give economic aid to Greece and Turkey in order to fight off communism. US stands up for free governments and institutions around the world.
In what way did Truman respond to the Berlin Blockade?
The Berlin Airlift--American and British planes flew goods into the city.
What does NATO do?
North Atlantic Treaty Organization.... among the US and its western allies, designed to protect these areas from entering war. "An attack on one is an attack on all"
What does the National Security Council Paper #68 say?
involved a decision to make Containment against global Communist expansion a high priority
In 1948 Mao Zedong forced Jaing to go where?
An example of a civil rights reform enacted by Truman.
NAACP. He wanted to desegregate the military
The Taft/Hartley Act did what?
Labor Management Relations Act of 1947. It restricts the activities and power of labor unions. Still in place today.
In what social area was the GI Bill intended to help veterans?
Economically and in education
What did the 22nd Amendment do?
Limits the president to two terms
What were Truman's motives in his decision to use the atomic bomb?
to end the war more quickly
A description of the Cold War. (question 5)
Soviet Union vs. United States. lasted for 45 years after World War II, arms ace that developed a fear of nuclear war
Accomplishments of the Eisenhower administration.
Interstate system, civil rights bill
Eisenhower's "new look" military can be described how?
nuclear weapons rather than ground troops
To what area of the world does Domino Theory apply?
Virginia senator credited with the phrase "massive resistance".
Name of organization formed to keep alive the spirit of the Montgomery bus boycott.
South Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
Consequences in America of the Sputnick launch.
New emphasis on math and science in American schools
The name of the pilot of the U2 spy plane.
Francis Gary Powers
Name of governor of Arkansas when they were integrating Little Rock Central High School.
The cute name to associate with Kennedy's agenda as president.
The New Frontier
Which of the following programs passed while Kennedy was president?
increase in social security, minimum wage, and interstate systems, introduction of food stamps, lower housing costs
The name of the military plan to wipe out the communists in a massive preemptive strike.
Single Integrated Operations Plan
What did Kennedy do about the threat of missiles in Cuba?
The name associated with LBJ's presidency.
The Great Society
Components of the Economic Opportunity Bill of 1964.
Create job corps for 18-21 year olds, headstart program, work steady program, money grants to framers, loans to businesses, vista program, communication action program.
The name of the 1968 military offensive by the North Vietnamese communists.
The Tet Offensive
The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development. (first black cabinet member)
Robert C. Weaver
The city where the sit in movement began at the whites only lunch counter.
Name of the official in Birmingham responsible for excessive force against peaceful demonstrators.
Eugene Bull Connor
The name of the 1961 attempt by Cuban exiles to overthrow Castro.
Bay of Pigs Invasion
Before his successful civil rights demonstrations MLK organized some that failed in what Georgia town?
Albany... the Albany Movement
Malcom X began his career in what organization?
Nation of Islam
The name of the term used to describe how the US became involved in the Vietnam War.
slippery slope/quagmire quicksand
LBJ's strategy for fighting the Vietnamese war goes by what name?
Graduates pressure (causes draft dodgers)
Nixon's strategy for ending the war was called...
The university in 1970 where student protestors were killed.
Nixon made the war worse by invading what neighbor of Vietnam?
Name of judge during Watergate break-in trial.
Saturday night massacre refers to what event?
U.S. President Richard Nixon's executive dismissal of independent special prosecutor Archibald Cox, and the resignations of Attorney General Elliot Richardson and Deputy Attorney General William Ruckelshaus on October 20, 1973 during the Watergate scandal (got this off of wiki)
What is Nixon the only American president to do?
Who was Nikita Khrushchev?
communist leader of Russia during the Cold War
The congressional act that was the equivalent to a declaration of war against Vietnam.
The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
During the Vietnam War how did the LBJ administration evaluate success?
by the body count/number of casualties
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