15 terms

Vocabulary #24

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GI Bill
Law passed in 1944 to help returning veterans buy homes and pay for higher educations
Baby Boom
The rapid population increase that took place between 1945 and 1960
Cold War
A conflict that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The nations never directly confronted each other on the battlefield but deadly threats went on for years.
Containment
American policy of resisting further expansion of communism around the world
Truman Doctrine
President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to Turkey and Greece
Marshall Plan
A U.S. program of economic aid to European countries to help them rebuild after World War II
Berlin Airlift
Joint effort by the US and Britain to fly food and supplies into West Berlin after the Soviet blocked off all ground routes into the city
NATO
Alliance of the allied powers against the Soviets. (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)
Warsaw Pact
An alliance between the Soviet Union and other Eastern European nations. This was in response to the NATO
United Nations
An international organization formed after WWII to promote international peace, security, and cooperation.
Joseph McCarthy
Republican Senator who led a campaign to root out suspected Communists in American life
McCarthyism
Name for the overall search for communists in America during the early 1950s. Many people wrongfully treated.
Ethel and Julius Rosenberg
Americans convicted and sentenced to death for giving the Soviets information about the American bomb
Korean War
The conflict between Communist North Korea and Non-Communist South Korea. The United Nations (led by the United States) helped South Korea.
Arms Race
The fight between the Soviets and U.S. to have the best and most weapons
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