15 terms

Cell Parts & Functions

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Cell Membrane
Controls what comes in and out of the cell. Selectively permeable.
Nucleus
Contains the DNA. Controls the functions of the cell.
Nucleolus
Directs how proteins are put together. Makes Ribosomes.
Cytoplasm
Gel-like fluid surrounding the organelles. Constantly moves.
Mitochondria
Breaks down food to make ATP (energy) for the cell.
Lysosome
Uses chemicals to break down food particles, wastes, and old cell parts.
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Has Ribosomes. Network of membranes that assist in the production, processing & transportation of proteins.
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
No ribosomes. Makes lipids(fats) Breaks down toxic materials that could damage the cell.
Ribosomes
Makes proteins from amino acids
Golgi Body
Receives proteins from RER. Packages and distributes them in and out of the cell.
Vacuole
Stores water, food and other materials. Gives shape to the cell.
Microtubule
Provides structural support. Builds chromosomes.
Cell Wall
Provides strength and support. Rigid outside layer of plant cell. Made of cellulose.
Chloroplast
Captures energy from the sunlight to produce food. *Photosynthesis*
Flagella
A whip like structure that allows the cell to move.