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Reconstruction Unit Test
Terms in this set (40)
This is Congress: They can make laws, override vetoes, "propose" amendments, impeach and remove officials, and approve or reject the appointment of an official
This is The President: Enforce laws, veto laws, appoints officials to Cabinet and Federal Courts, pardon federal criminals
This is the Supreme Court: Applies and interprets laws, can declare laws unconstitutional,
gave African Americans citizenship
gave African Americans the right to vote
Plessy vs Ferguson
Supreme Court case that made seperate but equal legal.
kept blacks in near slave-like conditions
How most black and some poor southern whites earned a living after the Civil War by renting land to farm and paying with a share of the crops
Ku Klux Klan
southern whites who used terror, beatings, and murder to keep Afican Americans from voting
provided a government program run by the army to provide emergency food, clothing, and medical care for black and white war refugees
Northerners who went south during Reconstruction to profit
southern, white Republicans who cooperated with Congress during Reconstruction and had not participated in the Confederate government
Compromise of 1877 and Presidential Election of 1876
resulted in President Hayes removing federal troops from The South.
Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address
encouraged Northerners to forgive the South and help rebuild
The period of 100 years after Reconstruction when the South always voted for Democrats in elections.
Jim Crow Laws
said freedmen could not vote, own guns, serve on juries, and limited their rights to keep them in near slave-like conditions
From Reconstruction to The Great Depression
Period of time when most African Americans voted Republican in the U.S.
First President to ever be impeached
The reason why Congress impeached the President
he had used his powers to oppose Congressional Reconstruction policies.
Former slaves should be given "40 acres and a mule" came from this
to accuse an official of wrong-doing
Tilden vs Hayes Presidential Election of 1876
Tilden (Republican) had more popular votes
Hayes (Democrat) had more Electoral Votes
Both parties claimed to win
Tilden conceded the votes being arugued over, in return Hayes would withdraw troops from the South once President.
Amendements can be officially proposed by 2/3 of Congress.
Amendements must be ratified by 3/4 of the state in order to be legal.
Dred Scott Decision
He was a slave taht was set free once he and his owner moved North. However; once his owner passed away, the Supreme Court ruled since he was not a citizen, he had no rights and had to be sent back to The South as a slave under the Fugitive Slave Law Act.
The separation of the races in public places
A pardon given to someone who may have done something illegal, but was forgiven in the eyes of the law. This is one of the powers of The President.
16 President. Kept the Union together. Was a Republican and had set slaves free under his Emancipation Proclamation. Was assassinated at Ford's Theater.
John Wilkes Booth
Was an actor who was upset with the President's political agenda. He assassinated President Lincoln at Ford's Theater
17th President: Took over the presidency after Lincoln was assassinated. He was the first President to have the impeachment process started
Ulysses S. Grant
18th President: Was the General for The North during the Civil War. he rode his fame through the next Presidential election and became the next President. He was a nice man, but a poor politician. Many in his administration abused their powers and were corrupt, even though Grant did not.
Rutherford B. Hayes
19th President:Won against Tilden with more electoral votes. Tilden had more popular votes and the rest of the votes were argued over. Congress awarded the remainder of those votes to Hayes on the condition that The North remove the military rule from The South.
Term used to describe freed slaves
As much as they wanted a strong Union, they also wanted the South punished for the war.
The period of time after the Civil War when the South needed rebuilding of roads, bridges, schools, etc.
Separate but Equal Document
Plessy vs. Ferguson decision
People were forced to pay to be able to vote in the South. Freedmen could not afford this, so they could not vote.
People were forced to take a reading test to be able to vote in the South. Freedmen could not read; therefore were denied the vote.
African Americans whose grandfather's could vote before the war, they could vote. Of course, none of their grandfather's were free, so only whites could vote.
removed voting and office-holding restrictions on most former members of the Confederacy.
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