THE ESSENTIAL QUESTION:
To what extent did the Progressive Reforms of 1901-1017 effectively address problems created by the growth of American industry?
Demands for reform of the economic and political system were widespread during the early 1900s.
Government regulation of the economic system began at the state level, but since economic power was in the hands of national monopolies, the federal government was needed for meaningful reform.
After Theodore Roosevelt became president, the U.S. entered a period of reform that continued under William H. Taft andWoodrow Wilson. The reforms passed under these three presidents would institutionalize a regulated capitalism.