World History Final
Terms in this set (92)
neocolonialism suggests that the project of national independence was an incomplete one
the use of economic, political, cultural, or other pressures to control or influence other countries, especially former dependencies
an attack instituted by Al Qaeda on September 11th, 2001
Radical political and religious upheaval...altered the Manchu Dynasty forever
Fought between Christians and Manchu warriors
Restored imperial rule to Japan in 1868
Industrial development, military reform, and an end to the Shogunate
The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is an international organization (group of countries) who do not want to be officially aligned (friends) with or against any major power bloc (group of countries)
Italian fascist leader from 1922-1943
Archduke and heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne who was assassinated in 1914 by Serbian nationalist Princip
Korean women who were used for sexual pleasure by Japanese soldiers during the second world war
General Zia ul Haq
Pakistani military dictator 1977-88
Under his rule the Taliban were established
Bretton Woods institutions
The Bretton Woods Institutions are the World Bank, and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). They were set up at a meeting of 43 countries in Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, USA in July 1944. Their aims were to help rebuild the shattered postwar economy and to promote international economic cooperation.
Gross National Happiness
(GNH) is a global indicator of progress, which measures both sustainable economy and social development, while protecting the environment and culture.
Rape of Nanjing
December 1937-January 1938
around 400,000 chinese citizens lost their lives
around 20,000 women were raped
Articulated in 1989 by David Harvey, it refers to anything that impacts time and space.
NATO & Warsaw Pact
During the Cold War
North Atlantic Treaty Organization was headed by the USA and had members from 11 other western countris
Warsaw Pact was headed by the USSR and other communist countries
The Hawaiian sovereignty movement is a grassroots political and cultural campaign to gain sovereignty, self-determination and self-governance for Hawaiians of whole or part Native Hawaiian ancestry with an independent nation or kingdom.
The Cultural Revolution
(1966-1976) that sent 17 million urban youth to the countryside to be reeducated in the ways of rural life
under Mao Zhedong
Ngugi Wa Thiongo
Author of decolonizing the mind
believed that Africans should speak their native languages
written by Italian poet Filippo Tommaso Marinetti
rejection of the past and a celebration of violence, speed, inventions, youth and industry
First president of Senegal
The nationalist process of gaining independence from colonial powers
has been known as the patriarch of African literature
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), International Monetary Fund (IMF), and The World Bank is an international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital projects.
a political movement for reformation within the Communist Party of the Soviet Union during the 1980s until 1991 widely associated with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev and his glasnost (meaning "openness") policy reform.
Whether it is called globalization, post-Fordism, disorganized capitalism, or flexible accumulation it refers to the shift that both intensified the capitalist processes and opened new spaces to the penetration of capital.
author of wretched of the earth
argued that decolonization did not bring the promised independence but was only replaced with another corrupt regime
agreed with violence
non-violent resistance used by Ghandi
the Ghanaian nationalist argued that Neocolonialism was the last stage of imperialism in a book of the same name (1965).
Bay of Pigs
failed American military invasion of Cuba in 1961
created as a way to overthrow Fidel Castro
defeated within three days
a type of battleship introduced in the early 20th century, larger and faster than its predecessors and equipped entirely with large-caliber guns.
alliance of Great Britain, France, and Russia leading up to and during WWI
early 1990s that Deobandi madrasas along the border began to recruit and train students (talib) from Afghanistan
became the Taliban a radicalized islamic group
ruled Afganistan 1996-2001
an Indian economist and philosopher who won a Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences for his contributions to welfare economics and social choice theory and for his interest in the problems of society's poorest members.
the developing world
about 70% of the worlds population
The daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru
she sought to establish a secular state and to lead India out of poverty
She was assassinated by her own Sikh bodyguards following prolonged religious disturbance
fire bombing of cities used by the Germans during WWII
The postmodern semiotic concept of "hyperreality" was contentiously coined by French sociologist in Simulacra and Simulation
defined "hyperreality" as "the generation by models of a real without origin or reality"
hyperreality is a representation, a sign, without an original referent.
was a worldwide economic crash in 1929
disenfranchised aboriginal peoples seeking economic justice and cultural autonomy
The New Deal
A group of government programs and policies established under President Franklin D. Roosevelt in the 1930s
was designed to improve conditions for persons suffering in the Great Depression.
guerrilla fighters in Islamic countries, especially those who are fighting against non-Muslim forces.
Leader of the Chinese Communist Party 1943-1976
was the creator of Let a Hundred Flowers Bloom, The Great Leap Forward, the Cultural Revolution and the Four Modernization
An organization devoted to environmental activism, founded in the United States and Canada in 1971
Organization has employed passive resistance in opposition to commercial whaling, the dumping of toxic waste into the sea, and nuclear testing. It is an example of an NGO.
Abdel Gamel Nasser
Second president of Egypt from 1956-1970
president during the Suez Canal Crisis and the six day war with Israel
Spanish artist who cofounded the Cubist movement
Last leader of the Soviet Union
an artistic work in a style that imitates that of another work, artist, or period
a form of mass production creating by the Ford Motor Company
Activist for the independence of India
He did this through non-violent movement (such as marches and hunger strikes)
Sun Yat Sen
led a revolution in 1911 that saw the overthrow of the Qing royal family
developed the three principles of people: nationalism, democracy and people's livelihood
A rebellion in Kenya from 1952-1960
fought between the Kenyan population and British settlers
Cuban communist leader 1959-1976
led the Cuban Revolution in 1959
formed an alliance with Russia during the cold war and allowed them to place nuclear weapons on Cuba leading to the Cuban Missile Crisis
A book written by Hitler while in prison in 1925...it laid out his political ideals
An assault rifle created by Mikhail Timofeevitch Kalashnikov
could be manufactured with little cost and is light and easy to carry
a small fraction of Islam that believe violence is justified in establishing the perfect Islamic state
al-Qaida and ISIS
a struggle or fight against the enemies of Islam.
The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries is a group consisting of 12 of the world's major oil-exporting nations.
The North American Free Trade Agreement is an agreement among the United States, Canada and Mexico designed to remove tariff barriers between the three countries.
the computer and Internet world and its virtual reality, the 'global village' of electronic communication; also called cyberworld, cyberspace.
V. I. Lenin
First leader of the USSR
Led the Bolsheviks in the overthrow of the provincial gov.
half robot half human
second leader of the USSR
known for his political purges that may have led to the death of 30 million people
a peasant in Russia wealthy enough to own a farm and hire labor.
Emerging after the emancipation of serfs in the 19th century, the kulaks resisted Stalin's forced collectivization
millions were arrested, exiled, or killed.
on January 17, 1893, U.S. troops took part in a conspiracy led by a small group of wealthy businessmen and sugar plantation owners to overthrow the monarchy of Queen Liliuokalani.
a puppet state of the Empire of Japan in Northeast China and Inner Mongolia from 1932 until 1945
It was initially governed as a republic, but in 1934 it became a constitutional monarchy.
Cambodian political leader whose Khmer Rouge movement overthrew the Cambodian government in 1975.
Under his regime executions and famine killed an estimated three million people.
He fled the capital in 1979 when Vietnamese forces overthrew his government.
J. N. Nehru
Indian statesman and leader with Gandhi in the struggle for home rule; was the first prime minister of the Republic of India from 1947 to 1964 (1889-1964)
Fortified concrete and wire barrier built by USSR that separated East and West Berlin from 1961 to 1989.
It was built by the government of what was then East Germany to keep East Berliners from defecting to the West.
a state of political hostility between countries characterized by threats, propaganda, and other measures short of open warfare, in particular.
War between US and USSR
He helped form and led (1980-1990) communist Poland's first independent trade union, Solidarity.
relating to a vision of the future, especially one involving the development of technology.
Ho Chih Minh
Northern Vietnam communist dictator/president from 1954-1969.
the political party founded in 1911 by Sun Yat-sen; it governed China under Chiang Kai-shek from 1928 until 1949 when the Communists took power and subsequently was the official ruling party of Taiwan. Kuomintang.
Soviet statesman; premier of the Soviet Union (1958-64).
After Stalin's death he became first secretary of the Soviet Communist Party (1953-64) and initiated a policy to remove the influence of Stalin (1956).
Tutsi & Hutu
Rwanda, dominated by the Hutus, and Burundi by the Tutsis -- and the ethnic fighting flared on and off in the following decades.
It exploded in 1994 with the civil war in Rwanda in which hundreds of thousands of Tutsis and moderate Hutus were killed.
it was intended to ensure German victory over a Franco-Russian alliance by holding off Russia with minimal strength and swiftly defeating France by a massive flanking movement through the Low Countries.
Verdun & Somme
When the Imperial German Army began the Battle of Verdun on the Meuse on 21 February 1916, French commanders diverted many of the divisions intended for the Somme and the "supporting" attack by the British became the principal effort.
was an American five-star general and Field Marshal of the Philippine Army
He was Chief of Staff of the United States Army during the 1930s and played a prominent role in the Pacific theater during World War II.
A political union, often called the EU, to which the member states of the EEC are evolving.
Based on the Maastrict Treaty, it envisions the eventual establishment of common economic, foreign, security, and justice policies.
Indonesian, Malaysian, Chinese term meaning development
a late-20th-century style and concept in the arts, architecture, and criticism that represents a departure from modernism and has at its heart a general distrust of grand theories and ideologies as well as a problematical relationship with any notion of "art.".
League of Nations & UN
An international organization established after World War I under the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles.
The League, the forerunner of the United Nations, brought about much international cooperation on health, labor problems, refugee affairs, and the like.
McWorld is a term referring to the spreading of McDonald's restaurants throughout the world as the result of globalization, and more generally to the effects of international 'McDonaldization' of services and commercialization of goods as an element of globalization as a whole.
the process by which a country determines its own statehood and forms its own allegiances and government.
South African statesman who was released from prison to become the nation's first democratically elected president in 1994
New Economic Policy
An economic policy put in place by Vladimir Lenin
The new program signified a return to a limited capitalist system. Forced requisition of grain was replaced by a specific tax in kind; peasants could retain excess produce and sell it for a profit.
a Tongan and Fijian writer and anthropologist born of Tongan missionary parents in the Territory of Papua. He lived and taught in Fiji at the University of the South Pacific
he was an author that looked at the indigenous pacific people's reactions to change and postmodernity
An Iranian Shia Muslim religious leader and politician
He was the Supreme Leader of Iran from 1979-1989.
a gradual increase in the overall temperature of the earth's atmosphere generally attributed to the greenhouse effect caused by increased levels of carbon dioxide, chlorofluorocarbons, and other pollutants.
Indonesian statesman who obtained the independence of Indonesia from the Netherlands in 1949 and served as president until ousted by Suharto in a coup d'etat (1901-1970).
a style of painting, music, or drama in which the artist or writer seeks to express emotional experience rather than impressions of the external world.
Critique of everyday life
A concept developed by Henri Lefebvre which compromises the ways in which people typically act, think, and feel on a daily basis
Everyday life may be described as mundane, routine, natural, habitual, or normal.
an inventor, an engineer, and the father of scientific management theory.
an infectious disease with symptoms including fever and cough and in some cases progressing to pneumonia and respiratory failure. It is caused by a coronavirus.