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Chapter 4 Elements of Narrative
Terms in this set (40)
The character, creature, or force that obstructs or resists the protagonist's pursuit or her or his goal.
An outwardly unsympathetic protagonist pursuing a morally objectionable or otherwise undesirable goal.
A fictional history behind the cinematic narrative that is presented on-screen. Elements of the backstory can be hinted at in a movie, presented through narration, or not revealed at all.
Also known as the inciting incident. The event or situation during the exposition stage of the narrative that sets the rest of the narrative in motion.
An essential element of film narrative; any of the beings who play functional roles within the plot, either acting or being acted on. ____ can be flat or round; major, minor, or marginal; protagonists or antagonists.
The passage of time within a movie, as conveyed and manipulated by editing.
The highest point of conflict in a conventional narrative; the protagonist's ultimate attempt to attain the goal.
A critical turning point in a story when the protagonist must engage a seemingly insurmountable obstacle.
The total compilation of a story-events, characters, objects, settings, and sounds-that form the world in which the story occurs.
An element-event, character, object, setting, and sound-that helps form the world in which the story occurs.
Direct address narration
A form of narration in which an onscreen character looks and speaks directly to the audience.
Any image that a director periodically repeats in a movie (with or without variations) to help stabilize the narrative.
Narration by an actual character in the movie.
A relatively uncomplicated character exhibiting few distinct traits. ____ do not change significantly as the story progresses.
The act of telling the story of film. The primary source of a movie's narration is the camera, which narrates the story by showing us the events of the narrative onscreen. When the word narration is used to refer more narrowly to spoken narration, the reference is to the commentary spoken by either an offscreen or on-screen voice. When that commentary is not spoken by one of the characters in the movie, it is omniscient narration; when spoken by a character within the movie, it is first-person narration.
A cinematic structure in which content is selected and arranged in a cause-and-effect sequence of events occurring over time.
Who or what that tells the story of a film. The primary narrator in cinema is the camera, which narrates the film by showing us events in the movie's narrative. When referring to the more specific action of voice narration, the narrator may be either a character in the movie (first-person narrator) or a person who is not a character (omniscient narrator).
Something that we see and hear on the screen that comes from outside the world of the story, such as background music, titles and credits, and voice-over narration.
Events, circumstances, and actions that impede a protagonist's pursuit of the goal. Obstacles often originate from an antagonist and are central to a narrative conflict.
Providing a third-person view of all aspects of movie's action or characters.
The specific actions and events that filmmakers select, and the order in which they arrange those events and actions to effectively convey on-screen the movie's narrative to a viewer.
The elapsed time of the events within a story that a film chooses to tell.
The primary character whose pursuit of the goal provides the structural foundation of a movie's story.
The actual time during which something takes place. ____, screen duration and plot duration are exactly the same. Many directors use real time within films to create uninterrupted "reality" on the screen, but they rarely use it for entire films.
The number of times that a story element recurs in a plot. ____ signals that a particular event has noteworthy meaning or significance.
The concluding narrative events that follow the climax and celebrate, or otherwise reflect upon, story outcome. Also, the capacity of the camera lens, film stock, and processing to provide fine detail in an image.
Reveals information to the audience only as a specific character learns of it.
The development of the action of the narrative toward a climax.
A complex character processing numerous, subtle, repressed, or contradictory trait. ____ often develop over the course of a story.
The overall range of a story.
The amount of time that is has taken to present the movie's plot on-screen-that is, the movie's running time.
The time and space in which a story takes place.
In a conventional narrative, that which is at risk due to the protagonist's pursuit of the goal.
In a movie, all the events we se or hear on the screen, as well as all the events that are implicit or infer to have happened but are not explicitly presented.
The implied amount of time taken by the entire narrative arc of a movie's story-whether or not explicitly presented on-screen.
A time relationship in which screen duration is longer than plot duration.
A time relationship in which screen duration is shorter than plot duration.
The anxiety brought on by partial uncertainty-the end is certain, but the means are not.
Narration delivered from outside the diegesis by a narrator who is not a character in the movie.
Narration heard concurrently and over a scene but not synchronized to any character who may be talking on-screen. It can come from many sources, including a third person, who is not a character, to being us up-to-date; a first-person narrator commenting on the action; or in a nonfiction film, a commentator.
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