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The Spanish American War and CUBA
Terms in this set (18)
Why did the U.S. declare war on Spain?
In 1898 the United States declared war on Spain following the sinking of the Battleship Maine in Havana harbor on February 15, 1898.
The war ended with the signing of the Treaty of Paris on December 10, 1898.
What was the The Spanish American War called?
A splendid little war
It was a short war only last from April to August
Easy to win- Spanish were unorganized
didn't put up much resistance
Only 460 died in battle, 5200 of disease
What was The U.S.S. Maine and why was it important?
US ship sunk on Feb. 15, 1898
It protect American interests
Americans view (U.S. Navy): blew up by a mine
"The Warship Maine was Split In Two By An Enemy's Secret Infernal Machine?"
Historians believe a malfunction in ship
Reasons for the Spanish American War
THE TWO MAIN REASONS:
America's supported the Cubans and Filipinos against the Spanish rule.
The sinking of the battleship U.S.S. Maine in Havana Harbor. The US blamed Spain.
• Yellow Journalism: Exaggerated news reports of events. Turned the US people against Spain.
• Protection of American business interest in Cuba
• Protection of American business interests in Cuba
Results of the War
The United States emerged as a world power.
The United States gained possession of
What is a protectorate?
a state that is controlled and protected by another
a large island nation about 90 miles off the coast of Florida that was a colony of Spain until freed in the Spanish-American War.
-The largest and southernmost island in the Marianas
-was turned over to the United States by Spain in 1898
a country that is a group of islands in southeastern Asia, which became a US possession after the war
A US territory that became dependent on the US after the Spanish-American War.
journalism that is based upon sensationalism and exaggeration to attract readers and sell newspapers.
NOT BASED ON FACTS.
Journalism that sensationalized and made up events that helped push the US into the war with Spain.
What role did yellow Journalism play in the Spanish American War?
Yellow journalism contributed to the start of the war by swaying peoples opinion to be in support the war.
William Randolph Hearst
Publisher of the New York Journal newspaper used yellow journalism to influence the Spanish-American War.
His rival was Joseph Pulitzer.
Publisher of the New York World Newspaper who helped start yellow journalism style.
His rival was William Randolph Hearst.
He wrote stories that blamed Spain and influence Americans that war with Spain should happen.
Teller Amendment 1898
It outlined the United States role in Cuba:
—the U.S. would help Cuba gain independence and then withdraw all its troops from the country.
1) Cubans are free and independent
2) duty of US to keep Spain out
3) the US will use the military to back Cuba if necessary
4) the US will not try to impose their will on cubans
The Platt Amendment 1901
Made Cuba a protectorate of the US
IT SAID THAT:
-Cuba could not make treaties with other nations
-Gave America control of a naval base at Guantanamo Bay.
-Gave US right to intervene as it wished in Cuban affairs
Who were the Rough Riders?
The Rough Riders was a nickname given to the 1st United States Volunteer group of soldiers, who fought in the Spanish-American War.
They were lead by THEODORE Roosevelt.
Rough Riders captured Kettle Hill and San Juan Hil.
This ended the Spanish American War.
Why was San Juan Hill and Kettle Hill important?
In 1898, United States forces, including Teddy Roosevelt's Rough Riders, defeated Spanish forces at San Juan Hill and Kettle Hill in Cuba helping to end the Spanish American war.
These battles took place near Santiago, Cuba
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