31 terms

Guy Fawkes Night (PICS ONLY)

Guy Fawkes Night
is a British festivity
It takes place
on [the] fifth [of] November
Who was Guy Fawkes?
The Roman Catholic Church
was the most important form
of the Christian religion in England
from the eighth century
The leader was the Pope
in Rome
But in 1534
the situation changed
King Henry [the] eighth
wanted to divorce his wife
Catherine of Aragon
because she could not have children
and marry another woman
Anne Boleyn
The Catholic Church did not permit this
so Henry [the] eighth
left the Roman Catholic Church
and started the Church of England
with himself as its leader
In 1605 the King
and leader of the Church of England
was James [the] first
He passed laws against Roman Catholics:
they had to pay a lot of money
if they did not go
to Church of England religious services
A group of Catholics planned to blow up
Parliament in London
on [the] fifth [of] November 1605
when the King was present
This plan was called
the Gunpowder Plot.
The leader of the plot
was Robert Catesby.
He and the others
put thirty-six barrels of explosives
under the Palace of Westminster
Guy Fawkes stayed there
and waited to light the fuse.
But because of an anonymous letter
the King's soldiers
discovered the plot
They searched the Palace of Westminster
and found Guy Fawkes
with the explosives
They took him to the Tower of London.
They wanted the names of the other men
but Guy Fawkes did not speak
They then
took Fawkes to King James [the] first
but he still did not speak
Finally, they tortured him
and he told them everything
Soldiers went to arrest the other men
and killed some
when they tried to escape
on [the] thirtieth and thirty-first [of] January 1606
they hanged Guy Fawkes
and other seven men from the plot.
On the evening
of [the] fifth [of] November
there are fireworks and bonfires.
Guy Fawkes Night
is also called Bonfire Night.
Children often make a guy.
This is a model of Guy Fawkes.
They use old clothes
and fill them with newspaper
and they make a head
and draw a face on it.
They put the "guy" on the bonfire
and burn it.
Some people
have bonfires in their gardens.
But many people
buy tickets and go to a public bonfire
and firework display
in their town or city.
Children love
the noise and the excitement.
On Bonfire Night in Lewes, Sussex,
in south east England
people wear historical costumes
from the time of the Gunpowder Plot.