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POLIT 100 Ch. 11
Terms in this set (61)
States must meet certain requirements in drawing district boundaries. Identify one of these requirements.
Each district must have contiguous boundaries.
Which of the following is an oversight body for the U.S. Congress?
Congressional Budget Office
Congress exercises jurisdiction over the impeachment of _____.
Today, under Senate Rule 22, _____ senators must sign a petition requesting cloture.
In the context of the bicameral legislature of Congress, the framers of the U.S. Constitution:
created the House of Representatives to represent the people.
Opponents of racial gerrymandering argue that race-based districting is unconstitutional because it violates the _____ clause.
The _____ normally proposes time limits on debate for any bill.
House Rules Committee
The _____ serves as the presiding officer of the Senate in the absence of the vice president.
president pro tempore
The Constitution provides for the__________of House seats among the states on the basis of their respective populations.
When Congress is unable to pass a complete budget by the beginning of the fiscal year, it usually passes _____, which enable the executive agencies to keep on doing whatever they were doing the previous year with the same amount of funding.
In 1842, Congress passed an act that required all states to send representatives to Congress from _____.
single member districts
In the context of gerrymandering, _____ make congressional races less competitive.
packing and cracking
In the context of congressional elections, which of the following is true of term limits?
a. There is no limit on the number of terms a senator or representative can serve.
Which of the following statements is true of the advice and consent powers of the Senate?
Senate confirmation is required when the president appoints justices of the Supreme Court.
Where a party's voters are scarce, the boundaries of a district can be drawn to include as many of the party's voters as possible. This is a characteristic of _____.
Which of the following is an example of an entitlement program?
Which of the following requirements must be met by a state in drawing congressional district boundaries?
Districts in a given state must have contiguous boundaries.
Which of the following is a requirement that must be met by a person in order to be elected to the Senate?
The person must have been a citizen of the United States for at least nine years.
The _____ of the House of Representatives is elected by the majority-party caucus to act as spokesperson for the party and to keep the party together.
To be a member of the House of Representatives, a person must:
be at least twenty-five years of age.
_____, a self-governing possession of the United States, is represented by a nonvoting resident commissioner.
_____ is the second part of the budgeting process in which Congress determines how many dollars will actually be spent in a given year on a particular government activity.
Identify a true statement about the Speaker of the House.
The Speaker can interpret the outcome of most of the votes taken.
Identify a true statement about the Senate.
The Senate has the power of "advice and consent" on presidential appointments and treaties.
Which of the following is a spending provision inserted into legislation that benefits only a small number of people?
The U.S. Constitution requires that senators be elected:
every six years by popular vote.
Under which of the following programs are Social Security benefits provided to people?
A "new" Congress convenes:
in January of every odd-numbered year.
Which of the following statements is true of the House of Representatives?
The House originates bills for raising revenues.
In both the House of Representatives and the Senate, which of the following typically plays a role in determining congressional committee chairpersons?
The length of continuous service on a particular committee
The presiding officer in the House of Representatives is the:
Speaker of the House
The Supreme Court has ruled that state-level attempts to impose__________on members of the U.S. House or Senate are unconstitutional.
Which of the following statements is true of impeachment?
An accused official is removed from office only if he or she is convicted by a one-third majority vote of the Senate.
As a result of the rule limiting the size of the House of Representatives to _____ members, U.S. congressional districts on average now have very substantial populations.
The use of unlimited debate in the Senate to obstruct legislation is called__________.
In any year in which the federal government spends more than it takes in, _____.
the resulting deficit adds to the national debt
The Senate brings a bill to the floor by:
The Homeland Security Committee is an example of a _____ in Congress.
Which of the following is true of the senatorial holds?
They are used to delay legislation.
Under the__________view, a legislator should act according to her or his conscience and perception of national needs.
One of the most important functions of _____ is its oversight of the executive branch and its many federal departments and agencies.
Leadership and organization in both chambers of Congress are based on:
membership in the two major political parties.
The District of Columbia, American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, and the U.S. Virgin Islands all send _____ to the House of Representatives.
Identify a true statement about the apportionment of House seats.
House seats are reapportioned every ten years.
Under Article I, Section 4, of the Constitution,__________control the "Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections for Senators and Representatives."
When a committee chairperson sets a bill aside to ignore it rather than to send it to a subcommittee, the bill has been _____.
In the past, members of Congress often took advantage of the vote to raise the debt ceiling to _____, to show off their opposition to federal spending.
By default, the lines of the congressional districts are drawn by the _____.
Which of the following statements is true of a congressional committee?
It provides for specialization, or a division of the legislative labor.
A _____ refers to a Congress consisting of two chambers.
The constitutional option is also known as the _____.
When senators use the chamber's tradition of unlimited debate to block legislation, it is known as a ______.
California's has fifty-three congressional districts and sends _____ representatives to the House.
When the voting power of citizens in one district is greater than the voting power of citizens in another district it is known as _____.
In the early 1990s, the U.S. Department of Justice instructed state legislatures to draw district lines to maximize the voting power of ______.
A representative who tries to serve the broad interests of the entire society and not just the narrow interests of his or her constituents is known as a(n) ____.
The U.S. Constitution requires that representatives to Congress be elected every _____ year by popular vote.
Which of the following statements is true of incumbency?
Incumbents raise, on average, ten times as much in campaign funds as their challengers.
A member of Congress who assists the majority or minority leader in the House or in the Senate in managing the party's legislative program is known as the ____.
A _____ is formed for the purpose of achieving agreement between the House and the Senate on the exact wording of a legislative act when the two chambers pass legislative proposals in different forms.
A ____ is a special type of power used by the chief executive after the legislature has adjourned.
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