art exam 2
Terms in this set (44)
a paint which the pigment is held together by an acrylic (clear polymer) binder
Sculptural form produced by adding, combining, or building up material from a core or
armature. Modeling in clay and welding steel are additive processes.
In Sculpture, a framework for supporting clay or other soft sculpting material.
sculpture using preexisting, sometimes ―found' objects that may or may not contribute their original identities to the total content of the work.
The material used in paint that causes pigment particles to adhere to one another and the support. The binder will determine the type of paint.
A dark room (or box) with a small hole in one side, through which an inverted image of the view outside is projected onto the opposite wall, screen, or mirror.
a technique for creating a range of value/shading by layering lines of various lengths and angles.
a hard type of drawing chalk made of graphite and clay. It is named after the French scientist who developed it. It comes in black and a range of earth tones. Crayon means pencil in French.
Direct Painting /Alla prima
Italian for "at first" - method of painting primarily in oils, in which the finished painting is
achieved in one operation by working directly on the ground without any underpainting.
This is the total number of prints made and approved by the artist.
A painting medium in which pigment is suspended in a binder of hot wax.
a surface coating often applied to pastel or charcoal drawings in order to prevent disturbance to the surface.
A painting medium in which pigments are painted onto wet lime plaster. The pigments dry to become part of the plaster wall or surface.
A primer for raw canvas used in order to protect the canvas fibers from the harsh effects of oil and solvent.
In painting, this refers to the layering of transparent and semi-transparent paint onto an image.
Hatching (Cross Hatching)
Creating tonal or shading effects with closely spaced parallel lines. When more such lines are placed at an angle across the first, it is called cross-hatching.
High Relief (Haut Relief)
Sculpture that projects strongly from its background.
This is the thick or built-up application of paint to a surface.
A type of art medium in which the artist arranges objects or artworks in a room, thinking of the entire space as the medium to be manipulated. This is often associated with sculpture.
Any printmaking technique in which lines and areas to be inked and transferred to paper are recessed
below the surface of the printing plate. Etching, engraving, drypoint, and aquatint are all intaglio processes.
In the Round
A free standing sculpted work that can be viewed from all sides.
A planographic printmaking technique based on the antipathy of oil and water. The image is drawn with a grease crayon on a stone or grained aluminum plate.
Low Relief (Bas Relief)
Sculpture that projects only slightly from its background.
This refers to the surface from which a print is made. It is cut, carved, or made in such a way that multiple images can be produced from it.
working pliable material such as clay or wax into a three-dimensional form. In drawing or painting, the effect of light falling on a three-dimensional object so that the illusion of its mass is created and defined by the value gradations.
Works of art made with more than one medium.
Paint in which the pigment is held together with a binder of oil, usually linseed oil.
A print done by an artist or under his/her direct supervision. Not a reproduction.
This is the colored matter in artists' materials such as paint or pastels.
The art, craft, and science of producing permanent images of objects on light-sensitive surfaces.
A photo essay is a collection of photographs on a single subject, arranged to tell a story or convey a mood in a way not possible with a single photograph.
This is the impression left on a piece of paper by pressing a print plate into it.
This is the transfer of an original image from one surface to another; the transfer of the image can be
repeated many times.
A printing technique in which the parts of the printing surface that carry ink are left raised, while the remaining areas are cut away. Woodcuts and linoleum prints (linocuts) are relief prints.
In color printmaking or machine printing, this is the process of aligning the impressions of blocks or plates on the same sheet of paper.
A mechanically produced copy of an original work of art: not to be confused with an original print.
Screen Printing (Serigraphy)
A printmaking technique in which stencils are applied to fabric stretched across a frame. Ink is forced with a squeegee through the unblocked portions onto paper or other surface beneath.
sculpture made by removing material from a larger block or form.
This refers to the physical material or surface on which two-dimensional art is made.
A stationary scene arranged for artistic impact.
A water-based paint that uses egg, egg yolk, glue, or casein as a binder.
Degree of roughness present in drawing papers.
Paint that uses water-soluble gum as the binder and water as the vehicle. Characterized by transparency.
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