ABC Stage 6
Terms in this set (50)
Signs of hyperthermia include
Increased body temperature
What are nosocomial infections?
Secondary infections contracted during hospitalization
What are symptoms of of feline hyperthyroidism except
diabetes mellitus is a lack of
leptospirosis symptoms are commonly confused with?
The treatment board is used for?
All in house patients
Canine and feline distemper
Are both viral infections
Panleukopenia and infectious enteritis are names for:
Feline Leukemia vaccines are given in the ___ leg of the cat
Regarding socialization and exercise for hospitalized patients, all of these statements are true except:
Exercise is just as important for a cat as it is for dogs
The amount of time and the volume at which fluids are delivered to the patient is called the:
nosocomial infections can be spread by all except
Indirect exposure to a pathogen occurs by all except
Exposure from another affected animal
What are the 3 levels of supervision as they apply to state laws?
immediate, direct and indirect
Patency of an IV catheter refers to the:
free flowing fluids through the IV catheter
If a patient has fleas,they may become infected with ___ as a secondary result.
What are decubitus ulcers?
Bathing a patient begins
Before the dip is applied
A dog in the working breed classification will likely react with the _______response in a fearful situation
What is a secondary complication of ear infections or ear mites that requires immediate treatment?
Which infectious canine disease can cause neurological problems?
Important observations of patients that must be recorded in their file may include all except
A change In bedding
All observations should be recorded in patient's record ?
Comforting a hospitalized patient for better health care includes all except:
Access to light 24/7
When feeding a finicky hospitalized patient, a helpful trick is to
Warm the food to increase the aroma
Most can foods are ____ % water
The isolation ward is reserved for
Patients suspected of having highly contagious disease
Rabies injections are usually given to cats and dogs in the ___ leg
The subcutaneous (SQ) or (SC) injection performed by the doctor or technician is:
administered by tenting of the skin
IV catheters should not be left in place any longer than:
A regular or macrodrip IV administration set delivers __ drops/mL while a microdrip IV administration set delivers __ drops/m
Which of the following is not one of the actual 5 stages of grieving
The __ contributes the cats balance
Which of the following incorrect regarding anal sacs
When grooming a dog they are expressed after a bath
The FVRCP injection is usually given to the ____ in the ___ ___ leg.
Cat / right front leg
Human tooth paste should never be used on animals
Which best describes the pattern of agonal respiration
A neurological reflex that occurs at the moment or after death
What has the highest mortality rate in dogs?
In your own words, please explain the difference between indirect, direct, and immediate supervision
Immediate supervision is when a veterinarian is directly watching or is in hearing range . Direct supervision is a vet physically present on the premises and available if needed. Indirect or general supervision is when the vet is not in the clinic but is able to perform duties by maintaining communication with personal such as by electronic means.
Explain in your own words the definition of pancreatitis, and what contributes to pancreatitis in dogs. Include a detailed description of the symptoms and treatment
When a dog eats too much fatty foods such as human food they become susceptible to pancreatitis which is an inflammation of the pancreas . Diabetes , some medication , and being over weight also contribute. Symptoms are vomiting , lethargy , lack of appetite , diarrhea with yellow and or greasy consistency , fever , and distinct abdominal pain. Treating the underlying cause once found is very important the dog will require IV fluid therapy and nutritional support . Pain relievers and prophylactic antibiotics are usually required along with other supportive treatments
Use your own words and explain in detail how Rabies is transmitted and how Rabies affects an animal's body. Include a description of the stages, and why Rabies is so dangerous
Rabies are transmitted through bite of an infected animal and spreads through the nerves of the bitten animals towards the brain where it then travels into the saliva . Rabies is very dangerous because it's highly contagious and can be transmitted to humans and can cause death . There's no effective treatment once signs are present . There are three stages of rabies . The Prodromal phase can be recognized by a change in behavior and temperament . The Excitative phase has two possible syndromes which are called furious rabies or dumb rabies . Pets may self mutilate become aggressive experience change in voice having difficulty swallowing and begin drooling . The last phase is the paralytic phase they can't eat or drink , experience paralysis of the head and neck followed by the whole body and death .
Explain, in your own words, the differences between a pharyngostomy tube and a nasogastric tube. Include a description of where they are placed and what they are used for.
Nasogastric tube - a tube passed through the nose, used to administer liquid medications and food to somespecies of animals, this tube is sutured to the top of the patient's head. This tubeis used for short-term use. Pharyngostomy tube - a tube placed surgically through the left side of thepharynx (at the top of the neck), just behind the angle of the jaw that goes downthe esophagus into the stomach. It is left in place and used for feeding patientsliquid meals and medications. This tube is sutured in place where itexits the neck and a bandage is wrapped around the neck to secure the tubeopening at the base of the patient's skull. Placement of a pharyngostomy tuberequires brief anesthesia and is used for long-term feeding.
In your own words, please explain the several reasons why the American Veterinary Dental Society (AVDS) recommends performing dental cleaning while the patient is under anesthesia.
The cleaning not only includes what you can see but also under the gums which is very important. Because of this "non-anesthetic" cleaning is not a good option . The area under the gum line as well as inside the mouth is not cleaned effectively . Also if the teeth are not polished the area will become rough and become easier for plaque to adhere in and hasten dental disease. They believe that placing the patient under anesthesia will greatly increase patient comfort and effectiveness of cleaning and it allows us to place an endotracheal tube in the patient's trachea .
A feline patient was just admitted into your hospital. The cat has not eaten for 24 hours and has been diagnosed with an upper respiratory infection. Why won't the cat eat? What steps can you take to make the feline more comfortable? What feeding techniques would you use to entice the cat to eat and what types of food would you use? If the cats refusal to eat continues, what potential complication can occur?
A patient refusing to eat can develop hepatic lipidosis also known as fatty liver syndrome characterized by excess fat accumulation in the liver . They cat may not want to eat because they don't feel well enough to eat other may be nervous or very picky. You can try to make them more comfortable by restricting as much negative stimuli as possible . Confine the felines only in one area and dogs in another . Appropriate sized cage or run , comfortable temperature, proper ventilation, comfy bedding, proper lighting during day and night, limited noise and orders and limited visual threats. You could feed them food the owner brought in order to convince the patient to eat . Some things you can do try and get feline to eat would be adding water, blending in food processor, heating the food,placing drop of food on patients nose, or use special foods for choosy patients.
Please describe (in your own words) what a foot bath is, where and why it is used, and how it is maintained.
A food bath tends to be located outside the isolation room. This usually is a litter pan holding 1" of 1:30 chlorine bleach solution but varies depending on the disease. Step in the solution and out when entering and exiting the room to help get rid of any pathogens on the soles of their shoes. Foot baths need to be changed daily or whenever needed.
Name 6 different routes of injections including the three most common.
The most common routes of injection are: Subcutaneously- the drug is injected just underneath the skin between the skin and muscle layers. Intramuscularly- injected into the muscle. Intravenously- injected directly into the vein or if an IV catheter is placed it's injected directly into it . Other less common routes are: intraperitoneal- drug is injected into the abdomen where it is absorbed. Intradermal- injected into the layers of skin. Intracardiac- injected directly into the heart. Intraosseous- injected into bone cavity. Epidural- analgesics and anesthetics are injected into the epidural of the spine. Intraaterial- injected directly into an artery.
What are the 5 cardinal signs of inflammation?
Heat, redness, swelling, pain, loss of function
Name 4 sites on a dog for intramuscular (IM) injections.
The 4 sites are lumbodorsal, triceps, quadriceps, and hamstring. intramuscular injects are the quadriceps group of muscles in front of the femur, lumbodorsal muscles just lateral to the spine and the triceps which are located on the shoulder, the hamstrings group of muscles located caudally on the proximal portion of the hind leg .
Describe the body language (eyes, ears, tail, and whiskers) you would observe from a fearful or nervous cat
A fearful or nervous cat may have fully open eyes with pupils dilated, ears might be fully flattened and whiskers back.
List 4 items that a veterinary assistant would prepare if a client has elected euthanasia for their pet.
Lay out a towel or blanket, appropriately sized cadaver bag placed out of sight, adhesive tape also placed out of sight, and appropriate drugs on the counter.