Genetics and Human Body


Terms in this set (...)

The study of genes, heredity and variation in living organisms.
An individual animal, plant or single-celled life form
The smallest unit of an organism; usually microscopic
What something is made of; the parts and how it is put together.
What something does or what job it has.
unicellular organism
An organism that consists of a single cell.
multicellular organism
Organisms that consist of more than one cell.
The study of the structure of an organism
A set of connected parts forming a complex whole.
skeletal system
All of the bones and joints of the body
muscular system
All of the muscles in the human body that are attached to bones
nervous system
The network of nerve cells that transmit signals between different parts of the body.
circulatory system
The system that is responsible for transporting materials throughout the entire body; also known as the cardiovascular system.
respiratory system
The system that is made up of the organs that help you breath.
digestive system
The organs that work together to convert food into energy for the entire body.
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
A person's child or an animal's young
A feature or quality that belongs to something and is used to identify it
inherited traits
A trait from one's parents by genetic transmission.
learned behavior
A behavior that an animal develops by observing other animals or by being taught

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