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APHG Chapter 13 - Key Issue 2
Terms in this set (18)
What is the concretic zone model? Who developed it?
A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are spatially arranged in a series of rings. E. W. Burgess.
What is the sector model? Who developed it?
A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are arranged around a series of sectors, or wedges, radiating out from the central business district.
What is the multiple nuclei model? Who developed it?
A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are arranged around a collection of nodes of activities.
C. D. Harris, E. L. Ullman
What are census tracts?
Areas delineated by the US Bureau of the Census for which statistics are published; in urban areas, census tracts correspond roughly to neighborhoods
List 3 examples of data that are reported by the US Census Bureau regarding the population of each census tract?
# of nonwhites
median income of all families
% of adults who finish high school
What is social area analysis?
Statistical analysis used to identify where people of similar living standards, ethnic background and lifestyle live within an urban area.
What two things can we deduce by combining all three models rather than considering them independently?
1-where different types of people live in a city
2- most people live near others who have similar characteristics.
What are the advantages of living in the inner-ring near the city center?
closer to CBD and its services & businesses
List three points about the conditions of European suburbs, where the poor live.
1. Long commutes by public transportation to reach jobs and downtown amenities.
2. Worse shops, schools, services in suburbs.
3. Increased crime & violence in suburbs.
4. No private yards.
List five ways that a European CBD differs from a North American CBD.
1. Less skyscrapers for business services. Low-rise structures.
2. Narrow streets and limited # of cars.
3. More people live in CBDs.
4. More consumer services.
5. Higher rents.
What is the Latin American City Model? Who developed it?
Wealthy people live in the inner city and a sector extending along a commercial spine.
Ernest Griffin & Larry Ford.
Describe the elite spine sector developed in Latin American cities.
The elite sector forms on either side of a narrow spine that contains offices, shops and amenities attractive to wealthy people, such as restaurants, theaters, parks and zoos.
What are the causes of squatter settlement?
Rapidly growing number of poor people (population increase and migration from rural areas for jobs) and housing shortage in cities of developing countries.
Define squatter settlements.
An area within a city in a less developed country in which people illegally establish residences on land they do not own or rent and erect homemade structures.
Describe services and amenities in a typical squatter settlement.
Lack schools, paved roads, telephones and sewers.
Describe the stages in the development of a squatter settlement.
Camping on land/street --) primitive shelters (boxes, etc) --) shacks that have partitions and a roof.
Cities in Africa, Asia and Latin America resemble European cities in their structure. Why is this not a coincidence?
European colonial policies left a heavy mark on cities in developing countries.
Compare and contrast pre-colonial cities ("Old Quarters") vs colonial additions ("European district")
Old quarters - narrow, winding streets, little open space and cramped residences.
European districts - wider streets, public squares, larger houses surrounded by gardens and lower density.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
APHG Chapter 13 - Key Issue 1
APHG Chapter 13 - Key Issue 3
APHG Chapter 13 - Key Issue 4
APHG Chapter 12 - Key Issue 3
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