USWH Unit 2 STUDY GUIDE
Terms in this set (52)
White Man's Burden
The supposed or presumed responsibility of white people to govern and impart their culture to nonwhite people, often advanced as a justification for European colonialism.
a meeting in Berlin, Germany that set rules and guidelines regarding imperialism in Africa
the King of the Belgians, and is chiefly remembered for the founding and exploitation of the Congo Free State. Used Henry Morton Stanley to help him lay claim to the Congo. Treated Native inhabitants very poorly.
Helped King Leopold used him to lay claim on the Congo and was a British journalist
an English businessman, mining magnate, and politician in South Africa.
Admiral Alfred T. Mahan, advocated for a string navy to protect shipping lanes and proposed military bases be put strategically so ships could refuel.
some Americans used this to justify Anglo-Saxons, (whites of European decent) superior race
Pres. James Monroe (1893) issued foreign policy
-no European country could spread its influence in the Western hemisphere
-many European countries saw the policy as arrogant, especially Spain
a type of journalism that presents little or no legitimate well-researched news and instead uses eye-catching headlines to sell more newspapers.
patriotism in the form of aggressive foreign policy
used to justify US involvement in Latin American affairs
using money to get what is wanted
US can go to war with Spain, but not take over country. Just watch over Spain but allow for self government.
US wouldn't leave unless Cuba adapted amendment:
-promised to protect Cuba but US could intervene in their affairs
-US has right to preserve independence and keep order
-US could buy & lease land for naval coaling (supply) stations (led to the establishment of naval base in Guantanamo Bay).
Treaty of Paris
an agreement made in 1898 that resulted in Spain surrendering control of Cuba and ceding Puerto Rico, parts of the West Indies, Guam, and the Philippines to the United States.
Open Door Policy
China had to
1) Keep all ports open to all nations
2) Allow Chinese officials to collect taxes and duties
3) To guarantee equal tariff rates for all nations trading in China
-Japan Agreed to not issue passports to workers coming to the US
-US promised not to prohibit Japanese immigration completely
-CAUSE: reduce tensions b/w 2 powerful pacific nations
-eliminate Japanese emigration to US
Spheres of Influence
ports or regions where specific countries would have rights over trade, mines, and railroads
a political science term for a politically unstable country whose economy is largely dependent on the export of a single limited-resource product, such as bananas.
Great White Fleet
popular nickname for the United States Navy battle fleet that completed a circumnavigation of the globe from December 16, 1907 to February 22, 1909 by order of U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt.
A theory of management that analyzed and synthesized workflows. Its main objective was improving economic efficiency, especially labor productivity.
Reform-minded journalists who wrote largely for popular magazines, continued a tradition of investigative journalism reporting, and emerged in the United States
An equitable remedy in the form of a court order that requires a party to do or refrain from doing specific acts.
Organized public or private social services for the assistance of disadvantaged groups
Citizens enact laws by popular vote
Vote for people running to be their party's nominee.
Allowed voters to overturn an existing law
Allowed voters to remove an elected official from office
Gov. Robert M. LaFollette
Fought for political reform in Wisconsin and influenced other states to reform their corrupt governments
Federal Reserve Act
An Act of Congress that created and set up the Federal Reserve System, the central banking system of the United States of America, and granted it the legal authority to issue Federal Reserve Notes and Federal Reserve Bank Notes as legal tender.
A 1906 United States federal law that gave the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) the power to set maximum railroad rates and extend its jurisdiction.
Allows the Congress to levy an income tax without apportioning it among the states or basing it on the United States Census.
Allowed voters to cast direct votes for U.S. Senators.
Banning of alcohol
Women's right to vote
Meat Inspection Act
-called for strict cleanliness requirements and the creation of federal meat inspection programs
"crappy" apartments lived in by the poor
Social Gospel Movement
Preached salvation through service of the poor
Clayton Antitrust Act
An amendment passed by the U.S. Congress in 1914 that provides further clarification and substance to the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890 and attempted to prohibit certain actions that lead to anti-competitiveness.
Election of 1912
-Fought among three major candidates (Woodrow Wilson, William Taft, and Theodore Roosevelt). Incumbent President William Howard Taft was renominated by the Republican Party with the support of the conservative wing of the party.
Federal Trade Commision
An independent agency of the United States government, whose principal mission is the promotion of consumer protection and the elimination and prevention of anti-competitive business practices, such as a monopoly
-Formed by Teddy Roosevelt
-Split his votes when he dropped out of the race hurting republican party
What were the roots of American imperialism in the late 19th century?
Most nations wanted to expand their country both land-wise and economically. They did this to show other nations that they were powerful during the era of imperialism.
Was the emergence of the US as an imperial power a break from the past or a continuation of its earlier policies?
The emergence of the US as an imperial power was a break from the past because, its earlier policies were to stay away from other nations business and or problems. Now during the imperialistic era, the US is intervening in several affairs including Cuba and the Pacific.
What were the objectives and consequences of US interventions in Latin America?
The United States were convinced with that they needed to help Caribbean nations because of the Monroe Doctrine. Also, if the US held Cuba, their economy would benefit because of Cuba's export of sugar which was one of the largest world-wide. Trading ports the US would have in the Caribbean was also a benefit because it gave ships a place to stop and refuel if necessary.
What were the objectives and consequences of US interventions in Asia/the Pacific?
The objectives included the US wanted to have ports for ships to stop at throughout the pacific to hopefully increase trade, and economy. Several consequences included...
What people and ideas contributed to the rise of progressivism?
Individuals that contributed towards the rise of progressivism such as Henry George. George a journalist/economist wrote Progress and Poverty demonstrated the corruption and waste of productivity of holding out lands until sold for profitable price. Therefore he suggested taxing these individuals; thus allowing business to flourish. In addition a Newspaper editor named Edward Bellamy published Looking Backward. Whereas a hypnotized Boston foresaw in the near future that the United States system was successfully altered to meet people's needs rather than profit. Furthermore addition reformers such Florence Kelley and Mother Jones have been able to pass laws banning child laboring, limited working hours for women, sweatshop condition regulations.
What were methods of progressive reformers?
The normal methods used at the municipal and state levels involved publishing of corruption among politics and business. Along with setting up organizations in support of progressivism.
Describe progressive era reforms at the municipal, state, and federal levels?
What areas of reform were not addressed during the age of Progressivism?
The people living in the tenement slums did not see much change to their lifestyle because tenement reform was virtually looked over and ignored.
What effect did the Bull Moose Party have on the election of 1912?
Teddy Roosevelt, a former Republican President, ran in 1912 on a party he created called the Bull Moose party after he failed to get the GOP nomination. The effective result was that by running essentially as a second unofficial Republican candidate, he split the Republican vote, and Democrat Woodrow Wilson won the Presidency.
In what ways were the achievements of Progressivism limited?
-The changes made by Progressives were limited to certain groups in the United States.
-Progressives championed municipal reforms, but did little for tenant or migrant farmers.
-Progressive Presidents took little action to pursue social justice reforms.
-Wilson continued the Jim Crow practice, begun under Taft, of separating the races in federal offices.
-At the 1912 Progressive Party convention, Roosevelt declined to seat black delegates from the South for fear of alienating white Southern Progressives.