21 terms

WHI.9

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Roman Catholic Church
grew in importance in Europe & was the unifying force in Western Europe
Middle Ages
time period from 500-1000 CE, also known as the Medieval Period
Pope
leader of the Roman Catholic Church, anointed emperors
anoint
Rub or sprinkle oil on; make sacred, such as by a ceremony that includes applying oil to someone, to make officially an emperor
medieval society
characterized by classical heritage of Rome, Christian beliefs, & the customs of Germanic tribes
Germanic tribes
the groups of invaders who took over the Western Roman Empire
secular
non religious
monasteries
Religious community where Christians called monks gave up their possessions and devoted their lives to serving God, preserved Greco-Roman cultural achievements
missionaries
people who work to spread their religious beliefs, also taught Latin alphabet to the Germanic tribes
Charlemagne
800 CE, crowned by the Pope as the head of the Holy Roman Empire, which extended from northern Spain to western Germany and northern Italy. 1st Holy Roman Emperor
parish priest
The Priest of a small local church who administered the sacraments, guided people on issues of morality and values, and offered assistance to the sick and needy
fuedalism
A political system in which nobles are granted the use of lands that legally belong to a king in return for loyalty and military service
fief
An estate granted by a lord to a vassal in exchange for service and loyalty
vassal
A person who received a grant of land from a lord in exchange for a pledge of loyalty and services
serf
A medieval peasant legally bound to live & work on a lord's estate
feudal obligations
Part of the relationship between lord's and serfs. The lords give the serfs goverment, justice and protection and the serfs give agricultural service
manor
self-sufficient system that includes a manor house, a church, the farmland, and everyone who lives & works the land
Frankish kings
used military power to expand their territory
Angles and Saxons
migrated from continental Europe to England
Magyars
migrated from Central Asia to Hungary, One of the barbarian groups known as Hungarian nomads.
Vikings
migrated from Scandinavia to Russia
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