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Art History Unit 1/2 Midterm Review
Terms in this set (34)
State-sanctioned art created in the "official" art style established by the French academy
Large-scale painting depicting mythological or religious subject matter, important political figures, or historical battle scenes (Romans of The Decadence, Thomas Couture)
Radical artists who made intentional breaks with traditional styles and techniques in order to push artistic thinking and challenge society
Challenging tradition and inventing new artistic styles and methods
A movement in the mid 19th century, in which artists committed themselves to depicting the observable realities of modern life (Burial at Ornans, Gustav Courbet)
A painting style in the mid 19th century, in which artists attempt to capture the spontaneous optical experience of a changing movement (outdoor light, shows group settings, VERY spontaneous)
French for "in the open air", refers to the impressionist characteristic of taking a canvas outside and painting a scene on the spot
Japanese woodblock prints, became influential to avant-garde painting of the late 19th century
Japanese inspired elements in Western art
Identifies a broad reaction against impressionism in avant-garde painting of late 19th century and early 20th
The desire to create a new, original, and personal artistic style
Art that is unconcerned with the literal depiction of things from the visible world
The painting is composed of tiny dots of pure colors that are meant to mix optically
Art in which conveying the intensity of an artist's feelings overrides the need to remain truthful to the natural appearance (Van Gogh)
Acid color scheme
Placing intensely contrasting colors next to each other to create a garish visual effect
Artists turned away from depictions of optical reality and inward to the depiction of their own fantasies and dreams
Artists depict observable realities of modern life. Courbet's "Burial at Ornans" differed from academic art because he did not show a historical picture or use traditional stances in the characters, but rather he depicted real people in his life with a scene relatable to modern life
What is the realist art movement all about?
Olympia depicted a flawed woman, a prostitute, in a dark old room. It was controversial because it did not show the nude as traditionally done, and Olympia did not look as welcoming and beautiful
What aspects of "Olympia" make it a modernist painting?
Optical experience of light and air (outdoor light), a sense of motion and spontaneity, casual scenes of modern city life and middle and working class leisure
What are the three themes of impressionism?
The fact that there is a woman working is a huge part in showing modernity. She seems to be getting a man a drink and her faced says that what the man is saying to her is not respectful
What are some ways "A Bar at Folies-Beregere" expresses modernity?
The art shows sharp lines and 2-D figures. The prints looked as if they told the story of a poem. Simple lines and edges, as well as patterns and prints in both drawings
Why were late 19th century artists drawn to the aesthetics of Japanese art?
Similar colors are used in both and there is a group setting shown, but there is no spontaneous movement
How is Georges Seurat's "A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte" similar to, but ultimately different from traditional Impressionist paintings?
Expressionism conveys inner feelings. Van Gogh cares more about his feelings being shown in his work than nature. Gauguin's paintings have aspects of expressionism because they have unrealistic aspects to them and use very bright colors.
What is the difference between expressionism and impressionism?
"the dismantling of space"
Increasing focus on flatness of painting
He focused on "the truth" in art. He didn't want to trick his viewers into believing what he painted is real. He was interested in the optical experience of 3D space.
Why did early modern artists like Paul Cezanne become interested in the idea of "dismantling of space"? How do we see this in his 'Still Life with Basket of Apples"?
La belle époque
"The beautiful age" the optimistic first decade and a half of the 20th century in Europe
A common art historical subject in which an idealized landscape is populated with figures who portray mythological or poetic themes
A painting of a lone male figure, often in a studio pose
"wild beasts" an early 20th century painting style characterized by the wild use of color
Salon d' Automne
An annual exhibition of experimental art established by avant-garde artists
An interest in the artistic styles of so called "primitive" cultures, like the tribal cultures in Africa and the Pacific Islands
Erotic images of Middle Eastern Harem women
The artist uses parts of traditional style art as inspiration but alters them to be much different than the original art pieces. The human nude is very prominent. The colors and lines are very abstracted.
What does it mean when an artist "dialogs with art historical tradition"? How is this shown in "The Joy of Life" by Matisse?
It was "pure and untainted" by Academic rules. Blue nude is depicted in nature on the ground with more geometric like features
Why were avant-garde artists drawn to the art forms of so-called "primitive" cultures? How is this seen in "Blue Nude" by Henri Matisse?
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