20th and 21st Century Virginia
Terms in this set (29)
Old systems of farming were no longer effective, and crop prices were low
How did agriculture change during the early twentieth century?
Why did people move from rural to urban areas?
Railroads, streetcars, transportation, and roads
What technological developments helped cities grow?
What kind of mining spurred the growth of Virginia towns and cities as people moved from the countryside to find jobs?
During the 20th Century, Northern Virginia experienced growth due to
increases in the number of what kind of jobs?
What kind of technology has helped Northern Virginia and the Tidewater region grow?
Who was a 20th Century President who wrote a plan for world peace
George C. Marshall
Who was a military leader who created an economic plan to ensure world peace?
The separation of people, usually based on race or religion
What does segregation mean?
Abolishment of racial segregation
What does desegregation mean?
Full equality of all races in the use of public facilities
What does integration mean?
Brown v. Board of Education
What court case ruled that "separate but equal" public schools were unconstitutional?
What year did the Brown v. Board of Education court case happen?
What was the policy called that Virginia's government established which fought to "resist" the integration of public schools?
What did some schools do to avoid integration?
All public schools, including those in Virginia, were ordered to do what?
Did the policy of Massive Resistance succeed or fail?
Massive Resistance Movement
What did Harry F. Byrd Sr. lead against the desegregation of public schools?
Maggie L. Walker
Who was the first African American woman to establish and become a bank president in the United States?
Harry F. Byrd Sr.
Who was the governor known for a "Pay As You Go" policy for road improvements, and modernized Virginia state government?
Oliver W. Hill Sr.
Who was a lawyer and civil rights leader who worked for equal rights of African Americans, especially with the Brown v. Board of Education decision?
Arthur R. Ashe Jr.
Who was the first African American winner of a major men's tennis singles championship, and also an author and eloquent spokesperson for social change?
Linwood Holton Jr.
Who was governor of Virginia, promoted racial equality and appointed more African Americans and women to positions in state government than previous governors?
L. Douglas Wilder
Who was governor of Virginia, and was the first African American to be elected a state governor in the United States?
Coal mining, government jobs, computer technology jobs
What are some of the reasons people moved to Virginia in the 20th century?
Which transportation method helped move coal?
Northern Virginia and Coastal Plain Region
Which two areas in Virginia grew from computer technology?
Old systems of farming were no longer effective and crop prices were low
Why did Virginia change from an agricultural to an industrial society in the early 20th century?
Harry F. Byrd, Sr.
A. Linwood Holton, Jr.
L. Douglas Wilder
Which three individuals were Virginia governors?