TN Ready World War I and World War II Review
Terms in this set (30)
The killing of so many innocent people by the German u-boat caused outrage in many countries of the world. Support for the Allies against Germany grew in many countries including the United States, who later joined the Allies in the war against Germany.
A top secret, coded message sent by German Foreign Minister to Mexico in January 1917. The interception and de-coding of the this telegram revealed a promise to the Mexican Government that Germany would help Mexico recover the territory it had ceded to the USA (Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona) following the Mexican-American War. This telegram sparked nationwide outrage during WW1 and helped to bring about American participation in the Great War.
Austria-Hungary, Germany, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire
ALLIED POWERS WWI
Russia, France, the United Kingdom, Italy, and the U.S.
America's 31st president, took office in 1929, the year the U.S. economy plummeted into the Great Depression. Although his predecessors' policies undoubtedly contributed to the crisis, which lasted over a decade, Hoover bore much of the blame in the minds of the American people
A senior United States Army general. His most famous post was when he served as the commander of the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) on the Western Front in World War I
An informal term for a member of the United States Army or Marine Corps, especially used to refer to members of the American Expeditionary Forces in World War I
Tennessee's only World War I general
ALVIN C YORK
One of the most decorated soldiers of the First World War. A recipient of the Medal of Honor and the French Legion of Honor, Considered one of the greatest of Tennessee's native sons. The movie about him was a success for Warner Brothers and received two Academy Awards"
TREATY OF VERSAILLES
People often claimed that it was a failure because although it ended World War I, it didn't prevent a second World War from happening. Considered one of the causes of World War II as Germans considered it a national humiliation. Many historians believe that the Treaty of Versailles was unsuccessful since it led to the rise of Hitler. The Treaty was also harsh, which a lot of Germans weren't happy about, so Hitler took advantage of that and tried to unite the Germans against the rest of Europe, which led to the Second World War.
LEAGUE OF NATIONS
Established at the end of World War I as an international peacekeeping organization. Although US President Woodrow Wilson was an enthusiastic proponent of the League, the United States did not officially join the League of Nations due to opposition from isolationists in Congress."
ANNE DALLAS DUDLEY
A national and state leader in the woman suffrage movement, was the daughter of a prominent Nashville, TN family.
On August 24, 1920, Tennessee became the Perfect 36. That is, it became the final state needed to ratify the 19th Amendment which gave women the right to vote in America.
This era was characterized by technological advances and prosperity with new labor-saving inventions that led to the large scale use of automobiles, telephones, the radio, motion pictures and electricity. People challenged traditional ideas and the new morality glorified personal freedom, nonconformists and youth, personified by the fashions and lifestyles of the "flappers" who danced the Charleston to the new music of the Jazz Age
This was an intellectual, social, and artistic explosion for African Americans that took place in Harlem, New York, spanning the 1920s.
The worst economic downturn in the history of the industrialized world, lasting from 1929 to 1939. It began after the stock market crash of October 1929 (Black Tuesday), which sent Wall Street into a panic and wiped out millions of investors.
This was a series of programs and projects instituted during the Great Depression by President Franklin D. Roosevelt that aimed to restore prosperity to Americans. When Roosevelt took office in 1933, he acted swiftly to stabilize the economy and provide jobs and relief to those who were suffering
This was the name given to the drought-stricken Southern Plains region of the United States, which suffered severe dust storms during a dry period in the 1930s. As high winds and choking dust swept the region from Texas to Nebraska, people and livestock were killed and crops failed across the entire region. The Dust Bowl intensified the crushing economic impacts of the Great Depression and drove many farming families on a desperate migration in search of work and better living conditions.
Under the leadership of Adolf Hitler, the Nazi Party, grew into a mass movement and ruled Germany through totalitarian means from 1933 to 1945. Founded in 1919 as the German Workers' Party, the group promoted German pride and anti-Jewish ideas
In June 1940, Benito Mussolini's Facist party chose to ally Italy's forces with those of Adolf Hitler. Soon German and Italian armies were battling Allied troops on several fronts. IN 1943, Italy surrendered and Mussolini was killed
Hirohito was emperor of Japan from 1926 until his death in 1989. He took over at a time of rising democratic sentiment, but his country soon turned toward ultra-nationalism and militarism. During World War II (1939-45), Japan attacked nearly all of its Asian neighbors, allied itself with Nazi Germany and launched a surprise assault on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor.
A U.S. naval base near Honolulu, Hawaii, that was the scene of a devastating surprise attack by Japanese forces on December 7, 1941. Just before 8 a.m. on that Sunday morning, hundreds of Japanese fighter planes descended on the base, where they managed to destroy or damage nearly 20 American naval vessels, including eight battleships, and over 300 airplanes. More than 2,400 Americans died in the attack, including civilians, and another 1,000 people were wounded. The day after the assault, President Franklin D. Roosevelt asked Congress to declare war on Japan.
JAPANESE INTERNMENT CAMPS
Many Americans worried that citizens of Japanese ancestry would act as spies or saboteurs for the Japanese government. Fear — not evidence — drove the U.S. to place over 127,000 Japanese-Americans in concentration camps for the duration of WWII.
Germany (Hitler), Italy (Mussolini), and Japan (Hirohito)
ALLIED POWERS WWII
Great Britain (Winston Churchill), France, Russia (Joseph Stalin), and the U.S.(Franklin Roosevelt)
ROSIE THE RIVETER
A cultural icon of World War II, representing the women who worked in factories and shipyards during World War II, many of whom produced munitions and war supplies
The mass murder of 6 million European Jews by Hitler's Nazi regime during the Second World War.
The code name for the American-led effort to develop a functional atomic weapon during World War II. The controversial creation and eventual use of the atomic bomb engaged some of the world's leading scientific minds.
END OF THE WAR WITH JAPAN
On August 6, 1945, during World War II (1939-45), an American B-29 bomber dropped the world's first deployed atomic bomb over the Japanese city of Hiroshima. The explosion wiped out 90 percent of the city and immediately killed 80,000 people; tens of thousands more would later die of radiation exposure. Three days later, a second B-29 dropped another A-bomb on Nagasaki, killing an estimated 40,000 people. Japan's Emperor Hirohito announced his country's unconditional surrender in World War II in a radio address on August 15, citing the devastating power of "a new and most cruel bomb."
An international organization dedicated in promoting world peace, collective security and friendly relations among most of the world's nations. This, they aim to achieve through co-operation between nations in international law, international security, economic development, social, cultural, and humanitarian issues.
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