Terms in this set (34)
When a stronger nation takes over a weaker nation.
Emperor of Ethiopia after 1889; he gained Ethiopian independence from Italy in 1896. Modernized his country so his soldiers had rifles and artillery.
Belgium King who takes the Congo in 1870's. Treated the natives with extreme cruelty. Belgium Congo formed 1908.
A meeting 1884 because of fear of European warfare due to scramble for African land. European nations agreed on rules for colonization of Africa.
system of colonial government in which the imperialist power controlled all levels of government and appointed its own officials to govern the colony.
Colonial government in which local rulers are allowed to maintain their positions of authority and status
A country whose affairs are partially controlled by a stronger European power.
Spheres of Influence
outside power has exclusive investment and trade in the colony
Man who believed that British need to colonize as much land as possible because they are the superior race: Anglo-Saxons. Helped Britain gain control of South Africa.
"Survival of the fittest:" A social theory of Charles Darwin which states that the level a person rises to in society and wealth is determined by their genetic background.
Young rebellious people in the Ottoman Empire who forced the Sultan to reform.
A human-made waterway, which was opened in 1869, connecting the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea
British East India Company
A joint stock company that controlled most of India during the period of imperialism. British used better technology than India so they took over by building roads, wells and railroads. They ended the caste system, sati,and slavery. They spread Christianity. They ran India for 200 years. (1600's--1850's)
A funeral practice among some Indian communities in which a recently widowed woman would burn herself on her husband's funeral pyre. The practice was banned several times, with the current ban dating to 1829 by the British.
Indian National Congress
Political party formed in 1885 in which Nationalist leaders wanted democracy/self-rule from Britain and supported Western modernism.
An organization formed in 1906 to protect the interests of India's Muslims, which later proposed that India be divided into separate Muslim and Hindu nations.
A governor from the outside country who ruled as a representative of a monarch. Direct Rule.
1857-58. High-caste Hindu soldiers who did not agree with the British rule: to fight outside of India, allowed Hindu widows to remarry, and bite off the tips of the ammo. Initial success but sought revenge and killed thousands of Indians.
NOTES AND READINGS: AFRICA
NOTES AND READINGS: INDIA
NOTES AND READINGS: MIDDLE EAST
oil discovered in Iran in early 1900's
NOTES AND READINGS: SOUTHEAST ASIA
POS/NEGS OF IMPERIALISM IN AFRICA
+ civilizing Africans
- killed everyone
POS/NEGS OF IMPERIALISM IN MIDDLE EAST
- culture destroyed
- British made all of the money
- environmental troubles
POS OF IMPERIALISM IN INDIA
+ widows can get remarried
+ ended sati
+ freedom of speech
+ tried to eliminate caste system
+ revised legal system
+ helped during famine
+ equal justice
+ better healthcare
NEGS OF IMPERIALISM IN INDIA
- left India in a lot of debt
- destroyed Indian culture
TYPES OF IMPERIALISM
Spain owned these colonies...
Somalia & Morocco
Angola & Mozambique
French West Africa & Algeria
Egypt & South Africa
Namibia & Tanzania
Libya & Eritrea