American History Chapter 16
Terms in this set (54)
communist dictator in the Soviet Union. He used five year plans to direct industrialization.
Government that tried to exert complete control over its citizens. In a totalitarian state, individuals have no rights and the government suppresses all opposition.
Fascist dictator in Italy.
Stressed nationalism and placed the interests of the state above those of individuals.
Nazi Dictator in Germany.
"My Struggle" . In this book Hitler set forth the basic beliefs of Nazism that became the plan of action for the Nazi Party
The German brand of fascism. Based on extreme nationalism.
Rebelled against the Spanish republic and took over as a Fascist dictator in Spain.
Abraham Lincoln Battalion
3,000 Americans who traveled to Spain to fight against Francisco Franco in the Spanish Civl War.
Outlawed arms sales or loans to nations at war. An effort to keep the United States our of future wars.
Hitler's 1st target in WW II
Western border region of Czechoslovakia that Hitler obtained through the Munich Agreement.
Turned the Sudetenland over to Germany without a single shot being fired.
Prime Minister of Great Britain who signed the Munich agreement.
Outspoken in his anger about the Munich agreement. He was quoted saying "Britain and France had to choose between war and dishonor. They chose dishonor.
Fascist Germany and the Communist Soviet Union committed never to attack one another. They also secretly agreed to divide Poland.
Lightning War. Taking the enemy by surprise and quickly crushing opposition with overwhelming force.
1st test of blitzkrieg
Charles de Gaulle
A French general who after France fell fled to England to set up a government in exile.
Battle of Britain
German air force bombing Great Britain every night and day for two months. The Royal Air Force saved Britain using radar and Hitler had to call off his invasion.
the systematic murder of 6 million Jews across Europe.
"Night of Broken Glass", Nazi storm troopers attacked Jewish homes, businesses, and synagogues across Germany and Austria.
the St. Louis
ship with Jewish refugees hoping for entrance to the U.S. The ship was for forced to return to Europe.
the deliberate and systematic killing of an entire population.
the largest death camp
Cash and Carry Policy
Provision that allowed warring nations to buy U.S. arms as long as they paid cash and transported them in their own ships.
Germany, Italy, and Japan
Republican opponent to Roosevelt in the 1940 presidential election.
Lend Lease Act
Under this plan the president would lend or lease arms and other supplies to "any country whose defense was vital to the United States."
Roosevelt and Churchill met and agreed to a joint declaration of war aims.
Those nations that had fought the Axis powers.
Prime minister of Japan who ordered the Japanese navy to prepare an attack on the United States.
December 7, 1941
Date of the Pearl Harbor attack.
Giving up principles to please an aggressor
Signed by 62 countries in 1928, stating that war would not be used "as an instrument of national policy"
Followers of Mussolini who marched on Rome.
Treaty of Versailles
Peace treaty that ended WW I. Caused anger and resentment in Germany
A. Philip Randolph
Threatened to lead a march against Washington DC because of racial discrimination during WWII.
America First Committee
Wanted the U.S. to stay out of War. It dissolved after the attack on Pearl Harbor
The annexation of Austria by Germany in 1938.& violation of Treaty of Versailles
Discrimination against Jews
Hitler's plan to kill all the Jews in Europe
Great Britain and Soviet Union
Who received Lend Lease supplies from the US?
withdrawing from world affairs
becoming involved in the affairs of another person or country.
German air force
meeting at Yalta
founded UN, divided Germany & divided Berlin
the gathering of resources and preparation for war.
after fall of Poland, French and British troops wait for German attack along the Maginot line
Here Germany was officially divided into zones - The East versus West standoff had begun
Act of condemnation of Japan's invasion of China in 1937 --> FDR showed that he was moving the country slowly out of isolationism. Americans upset with Roosevelt and critical of this speech.
Selective Service System
The system used in the United States to draft young people into armed service. Though the United States at present has no draft, young men are required by law to register with the Selective Service when they reach the age of eighteen.
September 1, 1939
Germany invades Poland (WWII starts)
prison camps used under the rule of Hitler in Nazi Germany. Conditions were inhuman, and prisoners, mostly Jewish people, were generally starved or worked to death, or killed immediately.