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Renaissance and Reformation
Terms in this set (28)
Time of rebirth
powerful banking family who ruled Florence in the 1400s, patrons of the arts
New artistic techniques
Paintings, sculptures, and literature
Philosophy that celebrates human cultural achievements and emphasizes human reason and ethics.
Leonardo da Vinci
Italian painter and sculptor and engineer and scientist and architect also known as renaissance man
Florentine sculptor and painter and architect
Italian Renaissance painter; he painted frescos, his most famous being The School of Athens.
Madona and child and Venus and mars
(Renaissance) wrote The Prince, and called for Italian unification
Inventor of the printing press
English poet and dramatist considered one of the greatest English writers (1564-1616)
Cervantes, Don Quixote
Spanish writer who satirized chivalry and influenced the development of the novel form.
Italian explorer who wrote about his travels to Central Asia and China.
Developed the first modern theory of a sun-centered universe
His laws showed that the planets revolve around the sun in elliptical orbits instead of circles.
English mathematician and physicist
Italian astronomer and mathematician who was the first to use a telescope to study the stars
This was a movement in the sixteenth century that marked the beginning of Protestantism. People who disagreed with the Catholic Church
German monk, questioned the Roman Catholic Church, was excommunicated. Wrote the 95 theses
pardon sold by catholic church to reduce one's punishment
Christian group that broke away from the Catholic Church
2 causes of the Reformation
1. The church was corrupt. 2. Selling indulgences
Protestant reformer who believed in predestination. Founder of Calvinism
King Henry VIII
Started the Anglican Church because he wasn't granted a divorce. Wanted a male heir
Council of Trent
This was the meeting called by Pope Paul III that secured reconciliation with the Protestants
members of the Society of Jesus, a Roman Catholic religious order founded by Ignatius of Loyola
The 4 G's
Gold, God, Glory, Goods
The primary goal of exploring
Spain-wanted gold English- permanent settlements France- wanted trade fur
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