Shakespeare and Literary Terms

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

aside
in a play, a comment made by a character that is heard by the audience or another character but is not heard by other characters on stage; usually reveals the private thoughts of an actor
dialogue
conversation between characters in a literary work; reveals character's personalities and feelings
monologue
when a character delivers a long speech to another silent character on stage
soliloqy
a long speech delivered by a character who is alone on stage; typically reveals the private thoughts and emotions of a character
comedy
a type of drama that deals with light and amusing subjects; contain wit, humor, ridicule, and irony; often poke fun at people's faults and limitations in order to teach a life lesson
tragedy
a play in which a main character (tragic hero) suffers a down fall which may have resulted from outside forces or may have resulted from a weakness within the character (tragic flaw)
blank verse
verse written in unrhymed lines or iambic pentameter
iambic pentameter
a rhythm patter with five units or feet, each which has an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable
comic relief
a short, funny episode that interrupts an otherwise serious or tragic work of drama; may break the tension after a particularly intense scene
drama
a story written to be performed by actors in front of an audience
foil
a character who provides a strong contrast to another character; may emphasize another character's traits or make a character look better in comparison
pun
a humorous play on two or more meaning of the same word or on tow different words with the same sound
oxymoron
a figure of speech that is a combination of seemingly contradictory words (ex. jumbo shrimp)
apostrophe
when an inanimate object or absent person is addressed as if the person or object would respond
sonnet
a lyric poem of fourteen lines, almost always written in iambic pentameter and usually following strict patterns of stanza division and rhyme: abab, cdcd, efef, gg
chance happening
when an event occurs that seems like an accident but really reveals that fate is having a role in the characters' destinies
prologue
an intro or preface, especially a poem recited to introduce a play
chorus
a figure known to comment on play's actions and describe events not shown on stage; usually includes either a single actor or a group of actors who speak in unison and deliver the prologue
tragic hero
main character of a tragedy that suffers from a tragic flaw that leads to his downfall/death
tragic flaw
the personality trait that leads to the destruction/death of the tragic hero
Stratford, England
where William Shakespeare was born
April 23, 1564
Shakespeare's birthday
Anne Hathaway
Shakespeare's wife
Susanna, Hamnet (dies), and Judith
Shakespeare's children and which died
Lord Chamberlain's men
acting company Shakespeare was leading actor in
King's men, grooms of the chamber
name of company Shakespeare was a member of designated by King James I
penny-copies
copies of Shakespeare's plays sold to the audience
John Hemings and Henry Condell
working companions of Shakespeare form the lord chamberlain's men who printed the first folio edition of the collected works
Blackfriar
theater owned by James Burbage and later purchased by Shakespeare
Globe Theater, built in 1599
theater built by Richard and Cuthbert Burbage who shared ownership of it with Shakespeare and when was it built
galleries
balconies for wealthier people to sit in to view the plays
yard/pit
area where the poorer people would stand in front of the stage
groundlings or penny stinkers
people who stood in the yard
tragedy; comedy
black flag for: ___; white flag for: __
masque
costume balls
alliteration
occurrence of two or more words having the same initial sound in a line of poetry
analogy
correspondence in some respect between things otherwise dissimilar; comparison used to explain
irony
when we know something and the character knows something, but the other character doesn't
personification
giving things or abstraction human qualities
simile
a figure of speech in which two essentially unlike things are compared using like or as
metaphor
a figure of speech in which two essentially unlike things are compared
couplet
a poem made of two lines of rhyming poetry that usually have the same meter
paradox
a statement or event that seems to contradict itself, though it is still true, or at least makes sense.
allusion
symbolic reference; an implied reference to history or literature
quatrain
four line part of a sonnet