32 terms

AP Human Geography: Language


Terms in this set (...)

A particular form of a language that is particular to a specific region or social group.
Extinct Language
An extinct language is a language that no longer has any speakers, or that is no longer in current use.
A written character symbolizing the idea of a thing without indicating the sounds used to say it. An Example: 6 (six)
A geographic boundary line delimiting the area in which a given linguistic feature occurs.
Isolated Language
a natural language with no demonstrable genealogical (or "genetic") relationship with other languages; that is, one that has not been demonstrated to descend from an ancestor common with any other language. i.e A language family with only one language.
Language Branch
A Subsection of a Language Family. i.e The Romance "-------" of the Indo-European language family.
The method of human communication, either spoken or written, consisting of the use of words in a structured and conventional way.
Language Group
A Collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary.
Language Family
A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history
Indo European language family
Largest language family that includes English and most other languages in the Western Hemisphere. Also used in South and Southwest Asia.
Sino-Tibetan Language Family
2nd largest language family. Includes Madarin, Thai, Cantonese and Burmese
Lingua Franca
A Language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages
Literary Tradition
A Language that is written as well as spoken
The condition of being able to speak only a single language
The ability to speak two languages
The ability to speak multiple languages
Official Language
The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents.
Pidgin Language
A Form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a lingua franca, used for communications among speakers of two different languages.
Standard Language
The form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass communications.
Trade Language
A language, especially a pidgin, used by speakers of different native languages for communication in commercial trade.
Using a language or dialect native to a region or country rather than a literary, cultured, or foreign language. It is usually the language of the common people.
a mother tongue formed from the contact of two languages through an earlier pidgin stage
The term is used in all German-speaking countries to refer to the increasingly strong influx of macaronic (slang) English or pseudo-English vocabulary into German.
a form of French using many words and idioms borrowed from English.
American black English regarded as a language in its own right rather than as a dialect of standard English
a hybrid language combining words and idioms from both Spanish and English, especially Spanish speech that uses many English words and expressions.
Institutional Language
Professional language (not slang)
Developing Language
Language used daily for face-to-face communication, includes a standard written expression, but not used by people all the time
Vigorous Language
Language used daily by all ages but doesn't include a written expression
Broken down version of dialects, usually very close to each other but may differ in pronunciation of local words.
Received Pronunciation
the standard form of British English pronunciation, based on educated speech in southern England.
Vulgar Latin
Informal Latin spoken by common folk (farmers, soldiers, etc.) in classical times

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