AP Human Geography-Services
Terms in this set (22)
Definition: Industries that sell their products or services primarily to consumers outside the settlement.
Example: Agriculture, ranching, fishing, forestry, mining, and petroleum
Application: Very few basic industries, but all essential to our economy.
Definition: Services that primarily meet the needs of other businesses, including professional, financial, and transportation services
Example:Banks, trains, public buses.
Application: These are essential to our economy because they allow all services to operate.
Definition: A market center for the exchange of services by people attracted from the surrounding area
Example: Midtown, Manhattan
Application: Central Place is the prime place for a service to be based off of the central place theory.
Central Place Theory
Definition: A theory that explains the distribution of services, based on the fact that settlements serve as centers of market areas for services; larger settlements are fewer and farther apart than smaller settlements and provide services for a larger number of people who are willing to travel farther.
Example: Central Place Theory..
Application: The Central Place Theory
Definition: A sovereign state comprising a city and its immediate hinterland
Example: Vatican City, (Hong Kong?)
Application: City States change the pace of geography
Clustered Rural Settlement
Definition: A rural settlement in which the houses and farm buildings of each family are situated close to each other and fields surround the settlement.
Application: Clustered Rural Settlements are very secluded.
Definition: Businesses that provide services primarily to individual consumers, including retail services and education, health, and leisure services
Application: Large part of financial sector today.
Dispersed Rural Settlement
Definition: A rural settlement pattern characterized by isolated farms rather than clustered villages.
Application: Separated from the typical.
Definition: A community's collection of basic industries.
Example: Primary, secondary, and tertiary sectors.
Application: this is everything in the economy.
Definition: The process of consolidating small landholdings into a smaller number of larger farms in England during the eighteenth century.
Example: Smaller farms in England
Application: Very important because it describes the enclosure movement
Definition: A model that holds that the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location and inversely related to the distance people must travel to reach the service.
Example: Amusement Park has lots of gravity.
Application: Things with more gravity are rarer.
Market Area (or hinterland)
Definition: The area surrounding a central place, from which people are attracted to use the place's goods and services.
Application: Hinterlands are still a part of the cities markets.
Definition: Industries that sell their products primarily to consumers in the community.
Example: Gym, Laundry,
Application: Non basic industries
Definition: The largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement.
Application: Most powerful city in country
Primate City Rule
Definition: A pattern of settlements in a country, such that the largest settlement has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement.
Application:Most powerful city in Country
Definition: Services offered by the government to provide security and protection for citizens and businesses
Example: Subway system
Application: Allows economy to run smoothly.
Range (of a service)
Definition: The maximum distance people are willing to travel to use a service
Example: 5 min to Convenience store
Application: Helps people to determine the central place for a service.
Definition: A pattern of settlements in a country, such that the 11th largest settlement is in the population of the largest settlement.
Definition: Any activity that fulfills a human want or need and returns money to those who provide it.
Definition: A permanent collection of buildings and inhabitants.
Application: There are MANY settlements in the World
Definition: The minimum number of people needed to support the service
Example: only a certain percentage of actually people using service.
Application: THe threshold is a necessary thing to be computed before starting a service.
Definition: An increase in the percentage and in the number of people living in urban settlements.
Example: People move into Hong Kong
Application: Cities are the more powerful parts of countries.