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Terms in this set (13)
parallel system of federal and state courts
is the authority to hear certain cases
when both the federal and state courts have jurisdiction
the court in which a case is originally tried... known as the trial court
when a person loses a case they may wish to appeal the decision to an appellate court.
people engaged in a lawsuit to come before them
Marbury VS. Madison
landmark case in 1803 that asserted the Court's power of Judicial review
the power to determine whether a law or government action is constitutional
McCulloch Vs. Maryland
landmark case in 1819, the court established that the federal government was "Supreme in its sphere of action."
Gibbons VS. Ogden
landmark case, 1824 the court delivered a strong message about the power on the national government.
Dred Scott Vs. Sandford
landmark case 1857, the Court declared the A.A's could not be citizens, that the Missouria compromise of congress was unconstitutional... Congress could stop the spread of slavery.
the 14th amendment contains the due process clause, which says no state may deprieve any person of life, liberty, or property without due process of law.
Plessy vs. Ferguson
landmark case 1896, the case established the separate but equal doctrine, which held that if facilities for both races were equal, they could be separate.