Pre-AP Ch. 19

27 terms by fabiology

Create a new folder

Like this study set?

Create a free Quizlet account to save it and study later.

Sign up for an account

Already have a Quizlet account? .

Create an account

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads


unicellular organism lacking a nucleus


rod-shaped prokaryote


spherical prokaryote


organism that must take in organic molecules for both energy and carbon


organism that is photosynthetic but needs organic compounds as a carbon source


organism that uses energy from sunlight to convert carbon dioxide and water to carbon compounds


organism that makes organic carbon molecules from carbon dioxide using energy from chemical reactions

obligate aerobe

organism that requires a constant supply of oxygen in order to live

obligate anaerobe

organism that cannot live in the presence of oxygen

facultative anaerobe

organism that can survive with or without oxygen

binary fission

asexual reproduction in prokaryotes


form of sexual reproduction in prokaryotes, exhanges genetic information


type of spore formed when a bacterium produces a thick internal wall that encloses its DNA and a portion of its cytoplasm

nitrogen fixation

process of converting nitrogen gas into ammonia


particle made up of nucleic acid and protein, can replicate only by infecting living cells


outer protein coat of a virus


virus that infects bacteria

lytic infection

process in which a virus enters a cell and replicates, causing the cell to burst

lysogenic infection

process by which a virus embeds its DNA into the DNA of the host cell and is replicated along with the host cells DNA


the viral DNA that is embedded in the host cells DNA


virus that contains RNA as its genetic information


disease-causing agent


a preperation of weakend or killed pathogens


compound that blocks the growth and reproduction of bacteria


single stranded RNA molecule that has no surrounding capsid


infectious particle made up of protein rather than DNA or RNA


spiral or corkscrew-shaped prokaryote

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set