Historians once referred to the Middle Ages roughly 400-1400 as the ______________.
Scholars thought of the long interval from classical antiquity to the beginning of the modern European world as ________________________.
rough and uncivilized
Which group of barbarian invaders became firmly established in regions known today as France, Switzerland, the Netherlands, and parts of Germany?
The Ostrogoth, Theodoric, established his kingdom in ___________.
What area of Western Europe was never colonized by Rome?
Elaborately decorated Merovingian fibulae have been excavated from graves. Based on this it can be said these small objects are __________________.
emblems of prestige
Two silver spoons, "Saulos" and "Paulos," Paul's names before and after baptism, were discovered as part of the Sutton Hoo burial. What might be alluded from these spoons?
The owner 's conversion to Christianity.
The Sutton Hoo purse has two groupings each of a man standing between two lions. This can also be found in what earlier culture?
Early 11th Century England was briefly part of what empire?
In the later Middle Ages religious books were created for the private devotions of the laity. They were based on readers used by the monks. These books contained prayers to be read at specific times during the day, they were popularly known as _________________.
Books of Hours
The symbol of Matthew from the Book of Durrow shows frontal head, profile feet, and a cloak and frame that resemble contemporaneous cloisonné metalwork. Which of the following statements explains this work?
wedding the abstraction of Early Medieval adornment and Early Christian pictorial imagery
It has been said that the author-portrait of St, Matthew from the Lindisfarne Gospels shows classical influences. What supports this statement?
The figure is seated as a philosopher or poet reading or writing.
What manuscript is commonly considered the greatest achievement in Hiberno-Saxon art?
Book of Kells
Equestrian statues were reminders of Rome's glory. Charlemagne returned Rome after his coronation with an equestrian statue of Theodoric. Which statue served as the ultimate model for such equestrian portraits?
The Ebbo Gospels represent a new Carolingian vernacular. Which of the following describes the new Carolingian style?
translated a classical prototype
The Lindau Gospels book cover displays an amalgamation of tradition and style. Which of the following describes that cmbination?
The work highlights the Early Christian tradition and Utrecht Psalter style
What church plan was used as the model for the palace chapel at Aachen?
What do the doors of St. Michael at Hildesheim illustrate?
Original Sin and Redemption
The alternate support system is first found in the architecture of which period?
Irish or Celtic stone crosses are identifiable by which of the following?
a circle intersecting the cross arms
Who was a major force in the revival of the Classical style in early medieval times?
It has been said that Bernward's doors are instruments that detail Original Sin and Redemption by juxtaposing these two concepts side by side. Which juxtaposed panels from the doors would support this?
The Fall and the Crucifixion
_________________ was a possible model for Bernward's column because the narrative reads from top to bottom.
The Utrecht Psalter is most closely related to which of the following?
In which way did the three-aisled basilica for the Monastery of St. Gall differ from its Early Christian prototypes?
It had a second apse on the west end
The ________________ burial epitomizes the early medieval tradition of burying great lords with rich furnishings.
Early Medieval burial traditions were recorded in the __________________.
Saga of Beowulf
The abbey church at Hildesheim has a double-transept plan that creates eastern and western centers of gravity. The lateral entrances on the north and south aisles further disrupt the traditional basilican plan. What model might have been used for this church?
What was the primary vehicle used in the Christianization of the British Isles?
The primary sacred text was the Bible, consisting of the Old Testament originally written in Hebrew and the New Testament written in Greek. In what language is the Vulgate version of the Bible written?
Which of the following manuscripts showed the greatest influence of Roman illusionism?
The style of the Gospel Book of Otto III can best be described as ________________.
It has been said that Charlemagne was a man of great energy and learning, a strong patron of the arts, and a sincere admirer of classical culture. Which of the following do later generations owe to Charlemagne's patronage?
the copying of important classical texts
Later church architecture adopted heavy square piers alternating with columns, dividing the nave into vertical units and mitigating the tunnel-like horizontality of Early Christian basilicas. This system is known as _________________.
The Carolingian architectural plan that demonstrated the beginnings of the modular system was found in ___________.