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Integumentary System

Chapter 4
STUDY
PLAY
Adipose
fatty tissue
Corium
dermis
Cutaneous
adjective referring to the skin
Cuticle
thick band of tissue that seals the nail plate to the skin
Dermatologist
a specialist who diagnoses and treats skin diseases
Dermatology
study of the integumentary system
dermis
inner layer of skin
epidermis
outer layer of the skin
follicle
small sac in the skin from which a hair grows
keratin
protein that forms hair, nails, and the tough outer layer of skin
lunula
white, crescent-shaped area of a nail
melanin
dark pigment present in skin and other parts of the body
melanocyte
cell that produces melanin
sebaceous
oil-producing gland
subcutaneous
beneath the skin
sudoriferous
sweat-producing glands
abscess
localized collection of pus in any body part, frequently associated with swelling and inflammation
acne
inflammatory papular and pustular eruption of the skin
albinism
partial or total absence of pigment of the skin, hair, eyes
alopecia
partial or complete loss of hair; blindness
comedo
blackhead; dilated hair follicle filled with bacteria; primary lesion in acne
cyanosis
abnormal condition signaled by bluish discoloration of tissue
cyst
closed sac or pouch in or under the skin that contains fluid or solid material
dermatitis
inflammation of the skin
dermatomycosis
fungal infection of the skin
diaphoresis
synonym for perspiration
ecchymosis
a purple patch more than 3 mm in diameter caused by blood under the skin; see also petechiae
eczema
inflammatory condition of the skin characterized by erythema, vesicles, and crusting with scales
epidermitis
inflammation of the epidermis
erythema
abnormal redness of the skin
excoriation
scratch mark; linear break in the skin surface
hemangioma
benign tumor of blood vessels; birthmark
hyperhidrosis
profuse sweating; increased or excessive perspiration; may be caused by heat, menopause, or infection
ichthyosis
abnormally dry skin; scaly; resembling fish skin
impetigo
inflammatory skin disease with pustules that rupture and become crusted
keloid
overgrowth of scar tissue
lesion
wound, injury or pathological change in body tissue
macule
flat, discolored area that is flush with the skin; birthmark or freckle
melanoma
tumor of the melanocytes; skin cancer characterized by dark pigmented, irregular-shaped lesion
nevus
mole; pigmented skin blemish that is usually benign but may become cancerous
nodule
a small node or circumscribed swelling
onychomalacia
softening of the nails
onychopathy
any disease of the nails
papule
small, circumscribed solid elevation of the skin
paronychia
infection around a nail
petechia
tiny hemorrhagic spots on the skin less than 3 mm in diameter
polyp
a mass of tissue that bulges outward from the skin's surface on a stem or stalk of mucous membrane
pruritus
itching
psoriasis
chronic skin disease characterized by itchy, red, silvery-scaled patches
pustule
small circumscribed elevation of the skin containing pus
scabies
contagious infection caused by a mite
scleroderma
chronic disease characterized by thickening and hardening of the skin
shingles
viral infection producing the eruption of highlyainful vesicles that may follow a nerve path
tinea
any fungal infection of the skin
ulcer
an open sore or lesion of the skin; a lesion through the skin or a mucous membrane resulting from loss of tissue
urticaria
hives
verruca
wart
vesicle
small, fluid-filled, raised lesion; a blister
vitiligo
localized loss of skin pigmentation characterized by milk-white patches
analgesic
agent that relieves pain
antibiotic
agent that kills bacteria
antifungal
agent that kills fungus
anti-inflammatory
agent to reduce inflammation
antipruritic
agent that reduces itching
antipyretic
agent that reduces fever
antiseptic
agent that inhibits the growth of infectious agents
antiviral
agent that destroys viruses
debridement
removal of necrotic or dead tissue from a wound or burn
dermatoplasty
plastic surgery repair performed on the skin
incision and drainage
cutting open of a wound or lesion, such as an abscess, and letting out or draining the contents, such as pus
onychectomy
surgical removal of a nail
onychotomy
incision into a nail
scabicide
agent lethal to mites
transdermal
a method of administering medication through the unbroken skin via patch or ointment