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Unit 3 - On the Brink of War
Terms in this set (10)
Compromise of 1850
Agreement designed to ease tensions caused by the expansion of slavery into western territories.
California entered the Union as a free state.
Fugitive Slave Law
The slave trade was banned in Washington, DC.
Land taken from Mexico would be divided into two new territories - New Mexico and Utah - with the slavery question determined by
Doctrine that allowed the residents of U.S. territories - and not Congress - to decide whether or not to accept or reject slavery.
Law that established the Kansas and Nebraska territories with the slavery question determined by
Led to the
A series of violent events involving abolitionists and pro-Slavery elements that took place in Kansas-Nebraska Territory.
Incident in which Preston Brooks (SC) beat Charles Sumner (MA) into unconsciousness with his cane on the Senate floor; followed speech Sumner had made two days before about the Kansas issue.
Brooks survived an expulsion vote in the House but resigned his seat; he was reelected.
Sumner was unable to return to his Senate duties for more than three years while he recovered.
Proposed Kansas state constitution; protected the rights of slaveholders already in Kansas and provided referendum in which voters could vote for the "Constitution with Slavery" or the "Constitution with no Slavery"; supported by President Buchanan but rejected by the House of Representatives.
Dred Scott Decision
Ruled that no person descended from an American slave could ever be a U.S. citizen and that slavery could not legally be excluded from U.S. territories.
Strengthened Northern slavery opposition; divided the Democratic Party while strengthening the Republican Party; encouraged secessionist elements among Southern supporters of slavery to make bolder demands.
Raid on Harpers Ferry
An attempt by white abolitionist
to start an armed slave revolt by seizing a United States Arsenal at Harpers Ferry in Virginia; defeated by a detachment of U.S. Marines led by Robert E. Lee; Brown was found guilt of treason and was hanged.
Brown became a martyr to many Northerners, which in turn made many Southerners suspect that they were involved in - or at least supportive of - violent slave rebellions.
Election of 1860
Abraham Lincoln (Republican) vs. John C. Breckinridge (Southern Democrat) vs. John Bell (Constitutional Union) vs. Stephen Douglas (Northern Democrat)
Lincoln carried the North, winning with less than 40% of the popular vote nationwide.
Prompted the South Carolina's secession, followed by six other Deep South states.
Unsuccessful proposal aimed at resolving the secession crisis.
Guaranteed the permanent existence of slavery and proposed extending the Missouri Compromise line to the west with slavery prohibited north of the 36° 30′ parallel and guaranteed south of it.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Unit 3 - Manifest Destiny
Unit 3 - The Civil War
Unit 3 - The Trials of Reconstruction
Unit 3 - Antebellum Reform Movements
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