Africa and Americas Study Guide
Terms in this set (58)
Greatest emperor of Mali; did a Hajj to Mecca, he gave away gold and spread Islam throughout Africa; richest man in history; ruled for 25 years
A family made up of several generations of a family; part of a lineage group; lived together
Mother, father, and children living as a unit
Tracing descent through mothers instead of fathers
Tracing descent through fathers
Sun god who promised the Aztecs a home; believed to battle darkness at night so they gave human sacrifices every day
Founder of the Inca empire; the original Sapa Inca (king); wife was the first coya (queen); ruled for 33 years
A tool with a system of knots that kept records for the town, usually kept by priests, had many different colors; used by the Incans
Capital of the Inca Empire in the Andes Mountains
Capital of the Aztec Empire; modern-day Mexico City; located near Lake Texcoco
Floating gardens built by the Aztecs on Lake Texcoco
The queen in Inca who carried out important religious duties and sometimes governed when the Sapa Inca was absent; the Sapa Inca's first wife
Land bridge of ice nomads crossed to get from Asia to the Americas
Culture in Africa that blends east African culture and Islam cultures
Mammals from Asia that the Romans introduced to Africans; had a huge impact on trade
The first West African kingdom based on the gold and salt trade; known as the "Land of the Gold"
Great stone building
West African storyteller that remembered records and taught children
Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca, to spread Islam and make diplomatic tithes (Mansa Musa)
The practice of owning slaves; first slaves sold outside Africa were in Portugal.
Material used for making weapons (mainly Aztecs); volcanic glass
Lake with a swampy island that the Aztecs lived on;
they settled here because they saw an eagle with a snake in its mouth sitting on a cactus, believed it to be a sign from the gods
Someone in Africa who was believed to foretell future events
Rain god of the Maya civilization; rituals during times of drought and captives sacrificed
A narrow piece of land that connects two larger pieces of land
Largest desert in the world, located in north Africa
Grassy plain in Africa
Africa Natural Resources
Salt, gold, iron, copper, ivory, cotton, coffee, oil
Amazon River Location
South America, in current-day Brazil
Africa Major Rivers
Nile, Niger, and Zambezi
The country where the first African slaves were sold outside of Africa
Kingdoms of Africa
Mali, Ghana, Songhai, Zimbabwe, Axum, Kush, and Egypt
Main trade products in Africa
Salt and gold
4 Geographic Zones in Africa
Desert, Savanna, Mediterranean, Rainforest
Religions of Africa
Traditional African religions, Islam, and Christianity
Basis of African Society
The natural source of sugar
Basis of the African Economy
Farming and trading
Leader credited with seizing Ghana and starting the kingdom of Mali; known as the "Lion Prince"
All religions in the Americas were ____________
Aztec and Maya; 260-day religious & 365-day agricultural
Ways of expression in Africa
Dance, music, and art
Africa's Land Surface Size
1/5 of the earth's landmass
Lake Texcoco > Tenochtitlan > Mexico City
Andes Mountains - Cuzco was the capital
Yucatan Peninsula - Southern Mexico and Central
Most powerful Aztec ruler; built aqueducts, temples, and roads
Reason the Aztecs settled on Lake Texcoco
They saw an eagle perched on a cactus with a snake in its mouth (sign from gods)
Quetzalcoatl was the creator god and Huitzilopochtli was the sun god, who was believed to battle forces of darkness each night. They offered human sacrifices daily through the priests to give the God strength. Most human sacrifices made in the world.
Art was religious. Polytheistic.
Polytheistic. Rarely used human sacrifice.
They believed that the gods controlled everything and they performed ceremonies to please them, which included human sacrifice. Chac was their rain god and they performed rituals for him during times of drought
Most Aztecs were commoners. Boys trained to be warriors. Girls trained to work at home, weave cloth, prepare for motherhood. Farming and Trading
Terrace Farming and complex roads.
Based on farming and trade. Transportation network of nearby rivers. Writing System. Mesoamerican ballgame.
Cleared forested areas, planted corn and other crops, began building cities. Astronomy, mathematics (based on 20 and the concept of 0), two calendars, and a written language.