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World History

vocab
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polis
a city state in ancient Greece, esp. as considered in its ideal form for philosophical purposes.
acropolis
a citadel or fortified part of an ancient Greek city, typically built on a hill.
agora-
a public open space used for assemblies and markets.
helots
a member of a class of serfs in ancient Sparta, intermediate in status between slaves and citizens.
hoplites
a heavily armed foot soldier of ancient Greece.
hubris
excessive pride or self-confidence
democracy
a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.
solon
statesman: a man who is a respected leader in national or international affairs
tyrant a cruel and oppressive ruler.
a cruel and oppressive ruler.
Cleisthenes
Cleisthenes (Κλεισθένης, also Clisthenes or Kleisthenes) was a noble Athenian of the Alcmaeonid family. He is credited with reforming the constitution of ancient Athens and setting it on a democratic footing in 508/7 BC. ...
direct democracy
- form of democracy in which people decide
archon-
each of the nine chief magistrates in ancient Athens.
Pericles
Athenian statesman whose leadership contributed to Athens' political and cultural supremacy in Greece; he ordered the construction of the Parthenon (died in 429 BC)
Peloponnesian League
The Peloponnesian League was an alliance in the Peloponnesus from the 6th to the 4th centuries BC.
The odyssey
poem written by homer
plato
ancient Athenian philosopher; pupil of Socrates; teacher of Aristotle
lyric poetry
Lyric poems typically express personal or emotional feelings and is traditionally the home of the present tense. They have specific rhyming schemes and are often, but not always, set to music or a beat. ...
aristotle
one of the greatest of the ancient Athenian philosophers; pupil of Plato; teacher of Alexander the Great
Herodotus
the ancient Greek known as the father of history; his accounts of the wars between the Greeks and Persians are the first known examples of historical writing
reason
the power of the mind to think, understand, and form judgments by a process of logic.
logic
reasoning conducted or assessed according to strict principles of validity.
thucydides
- ancient Greek historian remembered for his history of the Peloponnesian War
Alexander the great
Alexander: king of Macedon; conqueror of Greece and Egypt and Persia; founder of Alexandria
Hellenistic
of or relating to Greek history, language, and culture from the death of Alexander the Great to the defeat of Cleopatra and Mark Antony by Octavian in 31 BC. During this period Greek culture flourished, spreading through the Mediterranean and into the Near East and Asia and centering on Alexandria in Egypt and Pergamum in Turkey.
Euclid
greek geometer
Eratisthenes
Greek mathematician and physicist noted for his work in hydrostatics and mechanics and geometry
archimedes
Greek mathematician and physicist noted for his work in hydrostatics and mechanics and geometry