32 terms

Social Studies Constitution Part 3

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George Washington
Federalist leader; was the first president who set precedents; helped build the first National Bank
Unwritten Constitution
The Constitution that did not have or allow Judicial Review
French Revolution and Neutrality
Issued by George Washington on April 22, 1793, the U.S declared the nation neutral in the war between the French and the British (the French Revolotion)
Alexander Hamilton
Was a strong federalist; one of the founding fathers to the United States; helped write the Constitution; Wanted to modify the Constitution
National Debt
The amount of money one country owes another country
Tariff
A ta that has to be paid
Political Parties
An organized group of people with similar political views
John Marshall
An American Politician; Was the fourth Chief Justice of the United States
Judicial Review
When the Supreme Court reviews a legislative act.
Thomas Jefferson
A founding father of the United States; the author of the Declaration of Independence; the third president
Jay's Treaty
The Treaty of Amity, Commerce, and Navigation between Britain and the United States that stopped war and solved issue
Pinckney Treaty
Also known as the Treaty of San Lorenzo or the Treaty of Madrid; signed on October 27, 1795; established intentions of friendship between Spain and the United States
Embargo Act of 1807
A law that prohibited American ships from trading between neutral parties
War Hawks
A group of republicans that argue that the military was the only way to combat the British
Impressment
The act of taking men into military or naval forces by compulsion
Precedents
When a president did something that became a "tradition" that all of the other presidents after did after him and continue to do this this day
Washington's Foreign Policy
Washington thought that if 2 countries were at war and they both wanted our help then we should stay neutral and not take sides so we don't go to war
Whisky Rebellion
When the government placed a tax on whisky farmers were not happy. Some formed a Mob and started setting fires and destroying government buildings
Hamilton's Economic Plan
FATEN; fully fund the national debt; assume state debts; tariff (protective tariff); exericise plan; national bank
Federalists v. Democratic-Republicans
Federalists: were led by Alexander Hamilton, favored the British, supported a national bank, wanted higher taxes. Democratic-Republicans: supported the French Revolution, was led by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, did not want a national bank, wanted lower taxes
Strict Constitution (interpretation) of Constitution
This restricts judicial review
Loose construction of Constituional
Having to do exactly as the Constitution tells you to do (no elastic clause)
John Marshall and the Federal Government
He was a Supreme Court justice in the Marbury vs. Madison case
Marbury v. Madison
The case that became most famous for starting judicial review.
Other Supreme court cases under Marshall
1. Talbot vs. Seeman; 2. Stuart vs. Larid; 3. Marbury vs. Madison; 4. Little vs. Barreme
Louisiana Purchase
When Thomas Jefferson bought Louisiana and the United States doubled in size.
Federalists Criticism of the Louisiana Purchase
They thought that the United States should not buy Louisiana because it to far away from Washington D.C.
Louisiana Purchase and Effect on the U.S
The United States got two times more land then they wanted and that meant more property taxes that were being paid for the United States
War of 1812
A war fought between the United States and the United Kingdom and their allies
Treaty of Ghent
The peace treaty that ended the War of 1812
Results of War of 1812
The United States and Britain became friendly and had peace for two centuries after the war ended.
Monroe Doctrine
A United States policy that opposed European colonialism.