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Block 3 - Path - 02 - Hemodynamic Disorders
Terms in this set (21)
What is anasarca?
Severe edema with subcutaneous swelling.
When does subcutaneous edema occur?
Heart failure causes pitting edema in legs and sacrum.
When does pulmonary edema occur?
Accumulation of fluid in the alveolar space. Occurs in left sided failure, renal failure, or pulmonary infection.
When does brain edema occur?
Encephalitis, Hypertensive crisis.
What is the SG of transudate?
Less than 1.012
What is the SG of exudate?
Greater than 1.020
What is the most common cause of increased hydrostatic pressure?
Congestive heart failure.
The increased fluid load from the RAA system will cause?
More edema from increase in venous pressure.
What is peau d'orange (orange peel)?
Loss of superficial lymphatic's causing unusual appearance of breast. Cancer is the cause.
When is periorbital edema seen?
Initial manifestation of Nephrotic Syndrome.
Where is generalized edema often seen?
Loose connective tissue most often seen in renal dysfunction.
What does herniation into the foramen magnum cause?
What is hyperemia?
Increased volume of blood in tissues.
What is nutmeg liver?
Congestion causes central necrosis.
What is the sign of chronic pulmonary congestion?
Alveolar Spaces contain heart failure cells (Hemosiderin-Laden Macrophages).
What is a hemorrhage?
Extravasation of blood due to rupture.
What is petechiae?
1-2 mm hemorrhages in skin, mucus membranes, or serosa.
What is purpura?
>3 mm hemorrhages in skin, mucus membranes, or serosa.
What is ecchymosis?
Large >1-2 cm.
What is cardiac tamponade?
Crushing of the heart by fluid in the pericardium.
What happens at 20% blood loss?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Block 3 - Path - 03 - Hemostasis
Block 3 - Path - 01 - Neoplasia
Block 3 - Path - 04 - Embolism and Shock
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