32 terms

Respiratory System Study Guide

Referenced from respiratory system test study tool! Test on 4/27/18.
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Respiration
The entire process by which a body obtains and uses oxygen and gets rid of carbon dioxide and water
Respiratory System
Makes breathing possible; consists of the lungs, throat, and passageways that lead to the lungs
Pharynx
Another name for the throat
Larynx
Location: Voice box - contains the vocal cords
Trachea
The passageway for air traveling from the larynx to the lungs
Bronchi
The two tubes that split off of the trachea; one goes to each lung
Bronchus
Each bronchi tube is called a...
Alveoli
Tiny sacs that are found where the bronchiole branches
Cellular Respiration
Reaction where oxygen is used to release energy stored in molecules of carbohydrates, fats, and protein
Diaphragm
A dome shaped muscle underneath the lungs
Oxygen
O2
Carbon Dioxide
CO2
Breathing
Involves inhaling and exhaling, and cellular respiration
Nose
Primary passageway into and out of the respiratory system
Traps Irritants
Three things that happen as air enters the nose and sinus cavity- A. air is warmed B. wets air, humidifies C. _____ _________
Pharynx
Air leaves the noses and moves to the ...
Larynx
Pharynx splits into two tubes- esophagus and ______ (or trachea)
Stomach
Esophagus leads where?
Windpipe
Another name for the trachea
Bronchi
Trachea splits into two tubes called...
Bronchioles
Bronchus branches into thousands of tiny tubes called...
Expand
When the diaphragm contracts and moves down you inhale which makes the thoracic cavity expand; air rushes into the lungs and the lungs...
Digestive Circulatory
Other systems that work with the respiratory system to carry out cellular respiration include the _________ system and the ___________ (cardiovascular) system
Glucose Oxygen
Requirements for cellular respiration- _______ such as sugar, and ______
Water Energy Carbon Dioxide
Products of cellular respiration?
Carbon Dioxide
Waste product produced during cellular respiration?
Capillaries
What alveoli are surrounded by...
Contracts And Moves Down
Describe movement of diaphragm when air moves into lungs...
Red Blood Cells
How oxygen is transported through the body
Capillaries
How does oxygen move into the blood stream?-Oxygen diffuses from the alveoli into the...
Alveoli
How does carbon dioxide move out of the blood stream?- Carbon dioxide diffuses from the capillaries into the...
Oxygen
Two gases exchanged in the lungs- Carbon dioxide and ______
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