Terms in this set (59)

  • fable
    story that uses animals or plants to provide a moral lesson
  • folk tale
    traditional story that can date back many centuries
  • legend
    story that, while based on a supposed event in human history, is most likely a fictional tale
  • myth
    like a fairy tale, but instead of including magical elements such as fairies, it usually includes a god or hero
  • round characters
    fully developed, complex, three-dimensional creatures
  • flat characters
    one-dimensional, undeveloped, and static
  • tone
    mood or attitude in the writing
  • situational irony
    occurs when there is incongruity between what is expected to happen and what actually happens
  • omniscient
    they know everything about the characters and tell us what the characters think and feel (usually third-person narrator)
  • theme
    what seems to be the message the writer wants to convey through all that has occurred
  • word choice
    also called diction, specific language the writer uses to describe people, places and things
  • style
    distinctive way in which a writer uses language to inform or promote an idea
  • elegy
    poem that laments the loss of someone or something
  • ode
    celebrates a person, place, thing, or event
  • exact rhymes
    share the same last syllables
  • half-rhymes
    share only the final consonant
  • eye rhymes
    look like a rhyme because the word endings are spelled the same, but the words don't sound the same
  • sonnet
    composed of 14 lines usually written in iambic pentameter
  • ballad
    poem that usually tells a story and is often meant to be sung
  • villanelle
    has five three-line stanza with an aba rhyme scheme and a final quatrain with an abaa rhyme
  • limerick
    five-line poem with the rhyme scheme aabba
  • haikus
    unrhymed poems of three lines and 17 syllables
  • alphabetic principle
    states that letters represent the sounds of a language
  • direct instruction
    straightforward method of passing information from a teacher to a student
  • independent reading
    requires to students to read on their own
  • scaffolding
    provides support for students to help them move toward literacy independence
  • shared reading
    involves students reading along while an expert reads fluently
  • shared writing
    composition of a text created by the teacher and the students
  • guided reading
    involves a student or students reading a book that was carefully and thoughtfully selected for their level by the teacher
  • subjunctive mood
    of a verb, expresses something that is imagined, wished for, or contrary to fact
  • participle
    word that usually is associated as a verb but is used as an adjective
  • infinitive
    a verb in the from to + verb (to live)
  • archipelago
    chain of islands, such as the islands that compromise Indonesia and the Philippines
  • basin
    a geographic depression, often filled with water
  • bay
    a body of water partially surrounded by land
  • delta
    plain at the mouth of a river, often triangular in shape
  • flood plain
    a plain on either side of a river
  • frigid zones
    the climate zones of the Arctic and Antarctic Circles
  • isthmus
    a narrow strip of land connecting two larger regions
  • lines of latitude
    horizontal lines
  • lines of longitude
    vertical lines
  • plateua
    a large flat area raised above the surrounding area
  • prime meridian
    a line of longitude that marks 0 degrees longitude
  • source
    the origin point of a river
  • strait
    a narrow body of water between two land masses
  • temperature latitudes
    the climate zones that lie between the tropical latitudes and the polar circles
  • tributary
    a river or stream that flows into another river
  • branch
    a river or stream made when the flow of water leaves a larger river
  • tropic latitudes
    the climate zone between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn
  • Tropic of Cancer
    the imaginary line of latitude, at approximately 23 degrees north of the Equator
  • Tropic of Capricorn
    the imaginary line of latitude, at approximately 23 degrees south of the Equator, marks the point farthest south where the sun can be seen directly overhead
  • human geography
    the way that humans spread over and interact with Earth
  • topological maps
    maps that have been simplified to the point where only a few pieces of key information stand out
  • thematic maps
    simplify geographical accuracy in favor of better communicating specific and focused information to the map user
  • locator globe
    highlights the area shown in greater detail on the map, orient the map user with regard to a global position
  • anthropology
    study of humanity
  • cultural antrhopology
    studies the cultural organization of a specific group of people
  • physical anthropology
    focuses on the development of the human race's physical form
  • structuralism
    holds that humans build meaning out of conceptual differences and oppositions