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American Presidents Nixon - Obama 1
Terms in this set (29)
1969-1974, Republican; Improved the relations with the Soviet Union and China and wound down the Vietnam War. The water gate scandal caused him to resign before he could be impeached
The Watergate Scandal
Scandal involving illegal activities that led ultimately to the resignation of President Nixon in 1974.
negotiations between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics opened in 1969 in Helsinki designed to limit both countries' stock of nuclear weapons
Gerald Ford Jr.
Gerald Rudolph "Jerry" Ford Jr. was the 38th President of the United States, serving from 1974 to 1977, and, prior to this, was the 40th Vice President of the United States serving from 1973 to 1974 under President Richard Nixon.
Fall of Saigon
1975- US supported govt. in Saigon fell + Vietnam became under rule of Communist. Before its fall, the US evacuated 150,000 Vietnamese who had supported the US and now faced persecution. Marked a low point of American prestige overseas and confidence at home.
The pardon of Richard Nixon, which occurred in 1974, was US history's most significant presidential pardon.
1977-1981, Democrat; Had success promoting Middle East Peace. He looked weak from economic problems and the Iran Hostage Crisis
Camp David Accords
A peace treaty between Israel and Egypt where Egypt agreed to recognize the nation state of Israel
Iran Hostage Crisis
In November 1979, revolutionaries stormed the American embassy in Tehran and held 52 Americans hostage. The Carter administration tried unsuccessfully to negotiate for the hostages release. On January 20, 1981, the day Carter left office, Iran released the Americans, ending their 444 days in captivity.
As president, his first term was focused more on economic issues. His second term was primarily marked by foreign matters, such as the ending of the Cold War, the 1986 bombing of Libya, and the revelation of the Iran-Contra affair. Publicly describing the Soviet Union as an "evil empire," he supported anti-Communist movements worldwide and spent his first term forgoing the strategy of détente by ordering a massive military buildup in an arms race with the USSR. Reagan negotiated with Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev, culminating in the INF Treaty and the decrease of both countries' nuclear arsenals.
The federal economic polices of the Reagan administration, elected in 1981. These policies combined a monetarist fiscal policy, supply-side tax cuts, and domestic budget cutting. Their goal was to reduce the size of the federal government and stimulate economic growth.
A major scandal of Reagan's second term that involved shipping arms to Iran to free hostages and diverting the money from the sale of these weapons to the Contra rebels in Nicaragua.
Nickname for Ronald Reagan's Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) - shooting down nuclear weapons from space - never actually worked, but scared USSR into economic bankruptcy
A Communist nation, consisting of Russia and 14 other states, that existed from 1922 to 1991.
In 1961, the Soviet Union built a high barrier to seal off their sector of Berlin in order to stop the flow of refugees out of the Soviet zone of Germany. The wall was torn down in 1989.
George H. W. Bush
Republican politician who served as the 41st President of the United States. He served as Reagan's Vice President for eight years before defeating Michael Dukakis in the 1988 election. In 1990, he approved Operation Desert Storm after Saddam Hussein had invaded Kuwait. The US with the support of the United Nations, intervened militarily on behalf of the Kuwaiti people, pushing the Iraqi forces back
Persian Gulf War
(1990 - 1991) Conflict between Iraq and a coalition of countries led by the United States to remove Iraqi forces from Kuwait which they had invaded in hopes of controlling their oil supply. A very one sided war with the United States' coalition emerging victorious.
President of Iraq
42nd President of U.S.A. (1993-2001) and proponent of Third Way - between Left and Right, a centrist position between capitalism and socialism. British P.M. Tony Blair also a proponent of this position that had appeal in some European countries in the post-Cold War period. However, also subject to criticism from both extremes on the political spectrum. Clinton upported NATO and UN involvement in Kosovo to deter "ethnic cleansing."
North American Free Trade Agreement; allows open trade with US, Mexico, and Canada.
George W. Bush
43rd president of the US who began a campaign toward energy self-sufficiency and against terrorism in 2001; he was very conservative and pro life
September 11th, 2001 "9/11"
Terror attacks performed on the World Trade centers in NYC also two failed attemps on other places including pentagon
A network of Islamic terrorist organizations, led by Osama bin Laden, that carried out the attacks on the US embassies in Tanzania and Kenya in 1998, the USS Cole in Yemen in 2000, and the World Trade Center and the Pentagon in 2001
Leader of Al Qaeda in 9/11 attacks
The 2000 election
Controversial, non-incumbent election wherein Democratic candidate Al Gore was declared to have won, before a Floridian "recount" identified George W. Bush as the victor.
Invasion of Iraq
The 2003 invasion of Iraq on March 20, 2003. Objective of the invasion was "to disarm Iraq of weapons of mass destruction, to end Saddam Hussein's support for terrorism, and to free the Iraqi people". In preparation, 100,000 U.S. troops were assembled in Kuwait by February 18. The 2003 invasion began the Iraq War.
He was the democratic Senator from Illinois who won the 2008 presidential election against McCain and the 2012 election against Romney. He was the 44th President of the United States. He is the first African American to hold the office.
What political party did Obama belong to?
created by Obama, a national healthcare plan aimed at reforming the american healthcare system. The main focus is on regulating the health insurance industry and reducing spending and healthcare
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APUSH VOCAB 1970-2000
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The Vietnam War 1