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Unit 4 - The Great West
Terms in this set (13)
Pacific Railway Act (1862)
A series of laws that promoted the construction of the
authorizing the issuance of government bonds and the grants of land to railroad companies.
Railroad line that linked the eastern railroad system with California's railroad system; constructed by the
railroads; completed in 1869 at Promontory, Utah.
Established a mechanized transcontinental transportation network that revolutionized the population and economy of the American West.
Homestead Act (1862)
Encouraged westward expansion by allowing a settler to acquire as much as 160 acres of land by living on it for 5 years, improving it, and paying a nominal fee of about $30.
Large, 15,000-50,000 acre, single crop farms; came to dominate agricultural life in much of the West in the late 1800s.
Name given to the former slaves who migrated from the South to the West following the Civil War.
Name given to African American soldiers who served in the U.S. Army on the western frontier and fought in the Indian Wars (1854-1890).
Sand Creek Massacre (1864)
Event at which
Colonel John Chivington
and his troops attacked and destroyed a village of friendly Cheyenne and Arapaho encamped in southeastern Colorado Territory; killed over 150 inhabitants, about two-thirds of whom were women and children.
Battle of Little Big Horn (1876)
Battle at which
Colonel George Custer
's forces clashed with nearly 4000 well armed Sioux warriors led by
; Custer and more than 250 of his men were killed; U.S. reinforcements chased Sitting Bull to Canada where he received political asylum until hunger forced him to return.
A Century of Dishonor (1881)
A non-fiction book by
Helen Hunt Jackson
that chronicles the experiences of Native Americans in the U.S.
Led to the passage of the
Dawes Severalty Act (1887)
Legislation that allotted each head of household 160 acres of land; land deemed to be "surplus" beyond what was needed for allotment was opened to white settlers with the proceeds invested in education programs; designed to encourage the breakup of the tribes and promote the
of Native Americans into American society.
Native Americans lost about 90 million acres of treaty land.
A ritual dance performed by some members of the Sioux tribe in an effort bring back the buffalo and return the Native American tribes to their land.
Contributed to the
Wounded Knee Massacre
Wounded Knee Massacre (1890)
The last major encounter between Native Americans and the U.S. Army.
Remembered today as one of the great injustices perpetrated against Native Americans by the U.S. government.
Frederick Jackson Turner
American historian in the early 20th century best known for his essay
"The Significance of the Frontier in American History"
in which he argued that the spirit and success of the United States was directly tied to the country's westward expansion.
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