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POLS 2302- Exam 4 TEXAS
Terms in this set (87)
George P. Bush
Commissioner of the General Land Office
Texas Supreme Court Chief Justice
Texas Court of Criminal Appeals Presiding Judge
State Senator, District 4
State Representative, District 21
John Cornyn, Ted Cruz
US Representative, District 2
Country Judge for Jefferson County
Jane Wilkinson Long
According to your readings, which of the following was one of the first Anglo women business entrepreneurs in Texas?
The first official Spanish settlement in Texas was:
Which of the following was captured by the Karankawa Indians after the vessel he was traveling in shipwrecked off the coast of present-day Galveston Island?
The original settlers of Austin's colony
The "Old Three Hundred" refers to:
Alonso Alvarez de Pineda
Which of the following was the first European to explore present-day Texas?
The only woman to have a Texas river, county, and national forest named for her is:
-was the result of negotiations between Robert Livingston, James Monroe, and the French government.
-did not specify the exact boundaries of the land the United States had gained in the purchase.
-indicated to some individuals that the land in east and central Texas was "up for grabs."
The Louisiana Purchase of 1803:
gave Spain all territory west of the Mississippi River
The Treaty of Fontainebleau is important to Texas history because it:
Which of the following attempts to liberate Texas from Spanish rule ended with the defeat of the revolutionary forces at the Battle of Medina?
Baron de Bastrop
The establishment and settlement of Austin's Colony might not have occurred without Moses Austin receiving assistance from:
the father of German immigration to Texas
Frederick Ernst is known as:
the Canary Islands
Settlers from ______________________ formed the nucleus of the first regularly organized civil government in Texas (San Fernando de Bexar).
the First Battle of Adobe Walls
Which of the following was a signal to Anglo merchants and buffalo hunters that the Texas Panhandle was open to settlement and the Indian population in the region had been subdued?
Don Antonio Gil Y'Barbo
The appointment of ____________________________ as Lieutenant Governor effectively legalized Nacogdoches as a permanent town in Spanish Texas.
Which immigrant group became known for their methods of cultivation and played a major role in the Texas cotton industry?
that women were considered by law to be equal to men in terms of inheritance and property ownership and administration in early Texas.
The primary lesson to be learned from the story of Maria Gertrudis Perez is:
exactly one year after Major General Gordon Granger's announcement of General Order No. 3.
The first "Juneteenth" celebration was held:
led the effort to settle French immigrants in Texas.
Most European and American immigrants to Texas in the mid-1800s originally arrived:
of higher economic standing, literate, and slaveholders when they arrived in Texas.
The "Old Three Hundred" were primarily:
-Historically built on cotton production and cattle ranching
-changed to oil and gas after Spindletop in 1901 3 miles south of Beaumont
-emergence of the high-tech industry has kept Texas diversified
-population increased 20.6% in 2000-2010 (gained 4 seats)
-has had 6 state constitutions
-current one was ratified in 1876
-became 28th state in 1845
-Richard Coke replaced E.J. Davis as governor
-backbone is the committee system
-can only meet once every other year in odd numbered years for a period not to exceed 180 days
-governor can call a special session for emergency concerns
-requires a balanced budget (Keynesian is prohibited in Texas) the reason for tuition rising in recent years
-lowest paid legislators >$8,000 per year. they must have other jobs and also must be allowed to miss no fewer than 180 days
-financial calculations and endorsements are subject to
-elected position within the executive branch
the comptroller of public accounts
-power divided among 6 elected and 1 appointed officials, except for the secretary of state which is appointed by the governor
-governor, lieutenant governor, attorney general, land commissioner, agriculture commissioner, and comptroller of public accounts
-governor has the least power while the lieutenant governor has the most
-State statutes empower LG to serve as the chair of the very powerful Legislative Budget Board
-State constitution empowers the LG to serve as President of the Texas Senate (has a vote to break a tie and much more)
-responsible for preparing the legislative budget which is subsequently permitted to the house and Senate for approval
Legislative Budget Board
-state board of education, the Texas Alcoholic Beverage Commission, and Texas Department of Corrections
State Boards and Commissions
-Texas and Oklahoma are the only states
-two high courts, Texas Supreme Court and Texas Court of Criminal Appeals
-all the justices/judges elected in partisan elections
-state court of appeals and the state district courts are below the two high courts
Bifurcated High Court System
-nine justices presided over by a chief justice
-only has jurisdiction over civil matters
Texas Supreme Court
-highest court in the state over criminal matters
-consists of nine judges presided over by a chief judge
Texas Court of Criminal Appeals
-have original jurisdiction
-all judges elected
State district courts
-have appellate jurisdiction
-all judges elected
-have both criminal and civil jurisdiction
-if a civil case is appealed, it goes to Supreme Court
-if a criminal case is appealed, it goes to TCoCA
State courts of appeals
-just below State District Courts
-created by Constitution of 1876
-responsibilities have become primarily legislative rather than judicial (especially in counties of large populations)
-Main responsibility of county judge today is to preside over the commissioners court and serve as the county's chief administrator
-main responsibility of the county commissioners' courts is to oversee the construction and maintenance of county roads and bridges, and to set the country budget and tax rate
-created due to less judicial power in county courts and an elevated amount of cases in state district courts
-relieves the burden on district court dockets
-statutory courts (created by Texas legislature)
-power is purely judicial
-generally hear cases that are less serious than those heard by state district courts
-also have authority to hear cases on appeal from justices of the peace courts and municipal courts
Intermediate county courts (County courts at law)
all judges are elected in every level of the Texas court system, unlike federal courts where judges are appointed
-----only municipal judges are not elected and are generally appointed by the city council from a pool of qualified applicants
The Mexican War of Independence
What historic event began with the "Grito de Delores"?
the Constitution of Coahuila y Tejas
The Battle of the Alamo was fought during which of the following Texas constitutions?
It devised a system of government that contained a unicameral legislature
Which of the following statements about the Texas Constitution of 1836 is false?
All choices served
Mirabeau B. Lamar
Which of the following did not serve as either a President of the Republic of Texas or a Governor of the State of Texas?
It established a state Supreme Court consisting of three elected judges.
-the 3 judges were appointed by the governor
Which of the following statements about the Texas Constitution of 1869 is false?
a moralistic subculture (Elazar)
Which of the following political ideologies does the author of your textbook find to be least represented in Texas political culture?
Constitution of 1845
Which Texas constitution was written as a result of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo?
the free market and capitalist economic expression
In Texas political culture, the concept of "individualism" most strongly relates to:
It is the anniversary of Mexico's independence from Spain.
Which of the following statements about Cinco de Mayo is false?
James Madison's "auxillary precautions" attempts to directly maximize which of the following beliefs in Texas and American political culture?
the black population in Beaumont
A huge East Texas lumber boom in the 1880s and 1890s led to a significant increase in:
Lieutenant Governor William P. Hobby
Which of the following was instrumental in Texas women gaining the right to vote in the state?
A Texas "culture of philanthropy" that provided funding for the arts, education, health, and state historic preservation first began with:
The largest majority of the Texas African American population now lives in:
-She was the first African-American since 1883 to serve in the Texas Senate.
-She was the first African-American woman to be elected to the United States Congress since Reconstruction.
-She was the first African-American to deliver the keynote address at the Democratic National Convention.
-She was the first African-American buried in the Texas State Cemetery in Austin.
Which of the following statements about Barbara Jordan is false?
Hispanics in Texas make up ___________ percent of all registered voters in the state.
It currently ranks first among the states in terms of the largest state African American populations
Which of the following statements about Texas is false?
The "Great Remigration" refers to a trend among young, college-educated, upwardly mobile professionals from which demographic group returning to Texas?
Kay Bailey Hutchison
The first Republican woman elected to statewide office in Texas was:
Which demographic group is projected to grow at the fastest rate in Texas when compared to other groups?
In the last United States Census, the population of Texas had increased by:
Which of the following is the most powerful statewide elected officer in Texas?
Comptroller of Public Accounts
When the Texas legislature is in session, all financial calculations and endorsements are subject to:
Who is the Chair of the Texas Legislative Budget Board?
What is the annual salary of a member of the Texas House of Representatives and Texas Senate?
did not meet
In the 2016 legislative session, the Texas legislature:
also a member of the "plural executive."
The President of the Texas Senate is:
-The constitution does not embrace a Keynesian economic perspective.
-The state cannot spend money unless the funds are available (constitutionally prohibited from going into debt)
-State goods and services such as state university tuition and fees must rise if the price of oil gained from public lands declines.
Which of the follow statements describes the constitutional requirement that Texas maintain a balanced budget?
It only meets once every other year in odd-numbered years (unless the governor calls a special session).
What is meant by the statement that Texas has a "part-time" legislature?
-the governorship of E.J. Davis
-the state's history with Reconstruction
-the state's political culture
The current Texas Constitution was written in response to:
In total, how judges/justices serve on the highest Texas courts?
oversee the construction and maintenance of county roads and to set the county budget and tax rate
The primary task of county commissioners' courts in Texas is to:
Which of the following is the chief legislative officer of Texas counties?
Who is the current Chief Justice of the Texas Supreme Court?
Jefferson County, Texas is in need of new blankets for the county jail. Which one of the following is necessarily responsible for appropriating money for the purchase of the blankets?
The voter turnout in gubernatorial elections in Texas is rarely more than ___________________%.
they are elected by the voters of Texas.
How does a person become a member of the Texas Supreme Court?
Who is the current County Judge of Jefferson County, Texas?
-generally hear cases on appeal from justice of the peace courts and municipal courts.
-hear cases that are less serious than those heard by state district courts (but some the respective courts' jurisdictions may overlap).
-only have judicial power rather than a mix of judicial and legislative powers.
-are statutory courts.
Texas county courts at-law
County Courts at-law
Which one of the following state judicial offices was NOT created by the Texas constitution?
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