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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
SB8 Civil War Vocabulary
Terms in this set (37)
person who believes in the ending of slavery
Northern Democrat who agreed with Southern Secession and wanted peace
A slave state that supported the union; they did not secede
To officially withdraw from the Union
The "drafting" of soldiers
Dry goods salesman. Traveled with the Northern Army. Supplied "extra" items to soldiers for a higher price.
Paper money used during the Civil War by the Union
Often fatal disease of the intestine caused by unsanitary conditions
Process of instructing troops in the military arts for exercise, discipline, and teamwork
Soldier in colorful uniforms proficient at drilling
Ships covered with iron plates. Revolutionized naval warfare. The USS Monitor vs. the Merrimac (renamed CSS Virginia).
Concentrated attack against an enemy's weakest point
The sides of an army's lines. A flanking movement attacks these.
The freeing of the slaves; liberation
Search for food at the expense of local farmers.
Salted pork rations - salt preserves
Person hired for wages only to fight (like a mercenary).
A set of 20
To dedicate - to declare or make sacred; to hallow.
An idea that has been put forth
To leave one's post or run away from battle: often punished by death
Confederate prison known for abusive treatment of prisoners
One or more soldiers responsible for guard duty
Bandages; field hospital = dressing station
A 2 wheeled medical ambulance; refers to its bumpy ride
Tightly wrapped bandage to stop bleeding
Liquid drug used to anesthetize wounded soldiers
A person killed, wounded, captured, or missing during the war (out of action)
A unit of 4-6 cannons, or the fortified position where they are placed
War word for a quick retreat, usually in fear.
Military term for food.
Cloth bag used by soldiers to carry rations.
1/4-1/2 inch thick hard cracker eaten with soup or water. AKA= biscuits or army bread
Civil War term for an underwater mine - used in rivers mostly
Standard infantry weapon. Usually .58 caliber. The rifle fired a minie ball through a spiral groove barrel, spinning it for more distance and accuracy
The standard rifle bullet; more accurate than a round ball
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