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Arts and Humanities
History of Russia
World Civ Unit 3 Assessment
Terms in this set (31)
the belief or desire of a government or people that a country should maintain a strong military capability and be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests
Why was militarism important in the twentieth century?
There was competition overseas and there was a lot of envy between the nations
Militarism was having a large and standing army that made citizens feel patriotic
this scared people and it provoked war
you would be able to colonize faster
What kind of gov did Russia have prior to the Russian Rev? How did they respond to calls for reform?
They had imperial rule (Romanov dynasty)
They imposed strict censorship codes on published materials and watched schools
What were the causes of the Russian Rev?
tremendous economic strains of WWI on society
there was insufficient numbers to run factories/farms, which led to widespread shortages of food, and working conditions deteriorated so badly that works rioted and engaged in strikes to get better wages
prices soared as availability of goods plummeted famine threatens big cities
Who were the Bolsheviks?
The Congress agreed that Russia needed a revolution in order to establish Socialism. The Bolsheviks became the leading party during the Russian Revolution's October Revolution phase in 1917. They founded the Soviet Union
How did the Bolsheviks gain the support of the peasants in the Russian Rev?
promised to redistribute land
What were the key components of Vladimir Lenin's gov and how did it reject the Czarist system?
Lenin introduced widespread reforms confiscating land for redistribution among the peasantry, permitting non-Russian nations to declare themselves independent, improving labour rights, and increasing access to education
set impossibly high quotas or numerical goals to increase the output of steel, coal, oil and electricity. To reach these targets, they gov limited production of consumer goods. As a result, people faced severe shortages of housing, food, clothing, and other goods.
five year plan
In 1928, the gov began to seize over 25 million privately owned farms in the USSR. It combined them into large, gov-owned farms called...
collectivization of agriculture
In 1934, Stalin turned against members of the Communist Party. In 1937, he launched the... a campaign of terror directed at eliminating anyone who threatened his power
the great purge
is a body officially or in fact endowed with authority superior to other law-enforcing agencies. It investigates, apprehends, and sometimes even judges the suspect in secrecy, and is often accountable only to the executive branch of the government.
What were the key components of joseph stalin's government?
the great purge
five year plans
form of rule in which the government attempts to maintain 'total' control over society, including all aspects of the public and private lives of its citizens.
what were the characteristics of totalitarian governments?
• Rule by a single party
• Total control of the military
• Total control over means of communication (such as newspapers, propaganda, etc...)
• Police control with the use of terror as a control tactic
• Control of the economy
How did economic conditions lead to the rise of totalitarian?
harsh conditions imposed by the Treaty of Versailles and wwI
What was the Treaty of Versailles and how did it impact the growth of the Nazi government?
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
It punished the Germans severely, forcing them to pay massive reparations.
Why were the nazi program of the early 1930's popular among the German people?
Starvation, unemployment and depression builded a very bad atmosphere. Nazis and Hitler said they would erase all these problems
organization set up by Adolf Hitler in 1933 for educating and training male youth in Nazi principles. Under the leadership of Baldur von Schirach, head of all German youth programs, the _______included by 1935 almost 60 percent of German boys. On July 1, 1936, it became a state agency that all young "Aryan" Germans were expected to join.
a Nazi pogrom throughout Germany and Austria on the night of November 9-10, 1938, during which Jews were killed and their property destroyed.
what was the result of the bombing in Hiroshima?
It ended the war, Japanese surrendered
140,000 were killed
were a series of trials held between 1945 and 1949 in which the allies prosecuted German military leaders, political officials, industrialists, and financiers for crimes they had committed in WWII
What was the May Fourth Movement?
China joined the war on the Allies side in hopes to gain back German land, but when the allies gave it to Japan, the chinese were angry. Students gathered in Beijing and more and more people joined the cause which became known as...
Was the first great leader of the Kuomintang and overthrew the last emperor of the Qing dynasty
Why did civil war break out in China between the nationalists and the communists?
They were fighting over power and control of resources and China in general
was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China, which he ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976.
was a military retreat undertaken by the Red Army of the Communist Party of China, the forerunner of the People's Liberation Army, to evade the pursuit of the Kuomintang (KMT or Chinese Nationalist Party) army. There was not one Long March, but a series of marches, as various Communist armies in the south escaped to the north and west.
what kind of gov did mao institute in china after the revolution?
Who did China ally with globally?
the economic program designed to increase farm and industrial output through the creation of communes. Communes are similar to soviet communes in that groups of people live and work together on government owned farms and in government owned industry
great leap foward
any of various radical or socialist groups, in particular a militant youth movement in China (1966-76) that carried out attacks on intellectuals and other disfavored groups as part of Mao Zedong's Cultural Revolution.
a political upheaval in China 1966-76 intended to bring about a return to revolutionary Maoist beliefs. Largely carried forward by the Red Guard, it resulted in attacks on intellectuals, a large-scale purge in party posts, and the appearance of a personality cult around Mao Zedong. It led to considerable economic dislocation and was gradually brought to a halt by premier Zhou Enlai.
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